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(319) kind of work. I am confident that the same amount of labor expended in a different manner would secure a much greater benefit. Many of my Show more(319) kind of work. I am confident that the same amount of labor expended in a different manner would secure a much greater benefit. Many of my present duties are not properly connected with my office and their performance is not pleasing to me nor is it in many respects profitable to the Institution. New Buildings are needed in addition to the Library Building which we hope soon to secure. A building is needed for the better accomodation of the various Departments of Natural Science and a building for the Department of Astronomy. An Astronomical Observatory furnished with suitable instruments is greatly needed. In this connection I wish to urge the securing of the only lot of land suitable for such a building that is near us and unoccupied. It is important to secure the land even if the building should not be erected for several rears. I would Show less
We hope some liberal friend of the University will be induced to [\page] 1862-1863 47 furnish the requisite sum. Finances The Report of the Treasurer Show moreWe hope some liberal friend of the University will be induced to [\page] 1862-1863 47 furnish the requisite sum. Finances The Report of the Treasurer will inform the Board of the state of the finances of the University. I have frequently called the attention of the Board that (sic) the statement of property is only nominally correct. I have nothing to add to the suggestions heretofore made. During the year some oustanding claims have been collected. One Note of $2500 has been paid. Also a subscription of $i000 and some smaller notes have been collected. Some outstanding notes Ithink should be placed in the hands of a judicious attorney for collection. Show less
1857-1858 1858-1859 1859-1860 1860-1861 1861-1862 1862-1863 1863-1864 1864-1865 1865-1866 1866-1867 1867-1868 1868-1869 1869-1870 1870-1871 1871-1872 Show more1857-1858 1858-1859 1859-1860 1860-1861 1861-1862 1862-1863 1863-1864 1864-1865 1865-1866 1866-1867 1867-1868 1868-1869 1869-1870 1870-1871 1871-1872 1872-1873 1873-1874 WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY ANNUAL REPORTS BY JOSEPH CUMMINGS 1858-1874 Contents Page 1857-1858 1 1858-1859 9 1858-1860 19 1860-1861 31 1861-1862 37 1862-1863 43 1863-1864 50 1864-1865 54 1865-1866 60 1866-1867 none 1867-1868 67 1868-1869 printed 1869-1870 73 1870-1871 76 (plus printed section) 1871-1872 77 1872-1873 83 1873-1874 89 Transcribed by Christina Dodds, SC&A assistant, 1984 & 1985. [\page] 1857-58 Page Arrangement of Terms 1 Modern Languages 2 Scientific Course . Theology etc. 3 Cheap Scholarships 3 Reports of Buildings. Improvement of Grounds etc. 4 New Buildings 6 Arrangements for next year ; Vacant Professorships 7 Preaching in the College Chapel 7 Candidates for degrees 7 1858-59 Repairs 9 President's duties extra Labors etc. 10 Theological Instruction 10 Scholarships 10 Present State of the University Wants &c 11 Funds -- Endowment 12 Other Conferences to be invited to send Visitors 14 to the Joint Board Preparatory Department 15 Change in the Charter 15 New Rule relative to the Faculty 16 Commencement Request of the Alumni 17 Candidates for degrees 17 1859-60 Repairs 19 Scholarships - Special Agents 19 $50,000 Fund 20 New Buildings 21 Fiannces 21 Preparatory Department 23 [\page] 1859-60 Page Newark & Wyoming Conferences 24-25 President's Duties Visiting Conferences 26 Theological Instruction 26 Prizes 27 Repairs yet needed 27 Resignation of Professor Lindsay 27 Profound change relative to the Term of 27 membership in the Joint Board New rule relative to the faculty 28 Want of Interest in the Institution 29 1860-61 31 Provisions for the Vacant Departments 32 Finances 33 New Buildings 33 Repairs 33 Reorganization of the Joint Board and the term of service of the Trustees 34 Terms and Vacations 34 Degrees 35 1861-62 37 Board of Instruction Vacancies 38 Buildings 38 Repairs 39 Library Catalogue Reading Room 39 Finances 39 Vacancies in the Board of Trustees 40 The Office of the President vacant 40 Assistance in the Board of Instruction 41 Rules 41 Candidates for Degrees 41 [\page] 1862-1863 43 Board of Instruction Vacancies 43 The names of benefactors of the Institution to be connected with the Professorships 44 Salaries 45 New Professorships 45 New Buildings 46 Finances 47 Library Cabinet of Minerals 47 Repairs 47 Candidates for Degrees 48 1863-64 50 Olin Professorship --Gymnasium 50 Library Fund & Building 51 Additional Professorships, New Buildings -. Astronomical Observatory and a suitable location for it 5i Finances 52 Candidates for Degrees 1864-1865 54 The Professorship of Natural Science Vacant 55 Western Lands 55 Library Fund & Building 56 Additional Funds 56 The Centenary Fund 57 Portraits of Bishop Hedding and Isaac Rich Esq 57 Astronomical Observatory 58 Special Appropriations to the Professors 58 Candidates for Degrees 58 1865-1866 60 Faculty 60 Professor Harrington's Professorship Vacant 61 Special Appropriation to the Faculty 61 Library Fund & Library Building 61 Library Building 62 Two Styles of Building 62 [\page] 1865-66 page The University and the Centenary Year 62 Memorial Chapel 63 The Observatory and Boarding Hall 64 The Square and the Hill West of Mt. Vernon St. 64 Summerfield Library; Mr. Blackstock's Account Read his letters 64 Endowment 65 Candidates for Degrees 65 1867-68 67 Shurtleff Cabinet 68 Western Lands 68 Rich Hall 68 Memorial Chapel 68 Professor Rice 69 Vacant Professorships 69 Lecturers 69 Increase of the Endowment 70 Modification of the Course of Study 70 Centenary Gifts 71 Mode of Keeping Order 71 Degrees 72 1869-70 (outline only) 73 1870-71 (see also printed report) 76 1871-72 77 Students 77 Improvements 77 Chapel Sunday Service 78 New Boarding House Expenses of Students 78 Admission of Young Ladies 79 Lands to be sold --Lands to be bought 79 Time of Commencement 79 Vacant Professorships 80 The number of colleges and Discouragement relative to the University 80 Endowment 81 [\page] 1871-72 page Additions to the Board of Instruction 81 Election of Trustees 81 Alumni Record & Triennial Catalogue 81 1872-73 83 Buildings and General Expenses 83 Faculty Increases 84 The Condition and Prospects of the University 85 Claim on the Estate of Isaac Rich 86 The closer connection with the Seminaries and Academies 86 Course of study; New Arrangement of the Faculty 87 1873-74 89 The settlement of the claim against the estate of Isaac Rich 89 Special Agency for Endowment 89 Expenses the Past Year 90 Memorial Chapel 90 The Recent Improvements in the College 90 Differences as to Policy; Increase of Debts 91 Future of Colleges 92 Mrs. Louisa Loveland's Gift 92 Gifts to students needing aid 92 Tuition is to be raised 93 Self Help 94 Change of the name of the Institution 94 College Houses and the Professors 94 The Faculty for next Year 94 Prof Winchester's salary 95 [\page] (143) 1857-1858 Report of the President of the Wesleyan University to the Joint Board Aug 2nd 1858 It affords me great pleasure to meet for the first time in an official relation the Joint Board of the University and in accordance with established usage to present reports relative to the institution. Circumstances rendered it impracticable for me to enter on my duties here before the middle of the Spring Term. As soon as released from existing engagements I came to Middletown although I should hive greatly preferred to enter on my duties at the beginning of a year or at least at the commencement of a term The thoughtfulness and kindness of my associates and the cordiality and good will manifested by the students removed in a great degree the embarrassment and difficulty that otherwise would have existed in this connection. I (144) would also acknowledge my obligations to resident officers of the Joint Boards and of the Trustees and especially to Dr. Laban Clark and Wm.J. Trench, esq. for attention and cooperation in securing such changes as I deemed absolutely essential. The past year has been one of harmony among the officers and students and one of great prosperity. The Graduating Class numbers 28 and the Junior, Sophomore, and Freshman class number 116. The demeanor of the students has been characterized by great propriety and there has been diligence in study and carefulness in attention to all required duties. It is believed that no institution in the land has a better class of students or those more generally governed by high moral and religious principles. It may not be improper for me to allude to the labors of the faculty. They were placed under peculiarly embarrassing circumstances at the commencement of this year which they (145) met with commendable zeal for the interests of the University. The distinguished ability with which my worthy and highly esteemed colleague Dr. Johnston discharged the duties of the President would indicate that it was not necessary to call any other one to that office. Especial commendation is due to Professor Lane for assuming the responsibility of sustaining two departments and performing a large amount of extra labors. I here introduce with pleasure an extract from records of the Faculty as expression of their views relative to this I extra service. (146) The Committee appointed by the Faculty to report to the Prudential Committee the arrangements of the Faculty for supplying the necessary instruction at the beginning of the year beg leave to report the following preamble and resolutions which they recommend for adoption. Whereas the Professorship of Mathematics became vacant by the resignation of Dr. Smith and Adjunct Professor Van Vleck only two days before the beginning of the present college year, and [\page] 1857-1858 2 students appear before the Examining Committees who have not recited in the regular classes and many others who have recited only a part of the time during which they have been engaged in extra labor in making up the deficiencies resulting from their absences. Under such circumstances it is impracticable to secure the highest grade of scholarship. The present arrangement with its long winter vacation holds out strong inducements to irregular attendance. Of those who are irregular more than one third (150) are unnecessarily absent. It has become the custom to go out and teach. It is a pleasant way in which to spend the Winter months. Under these circumstances the following arrangement of Terms is proposed The Fall Term shall commence on the Third Thursday of August " " close Nov. 17 Its length will be 13 weeks Fall Vacation 3 weeks Winter Term will commence Dec. 9th " " close March 5 Length 12 weeks Spring Vacation 2 weeks Spring Term will commence March 17th " " close June 22 Commencement Third Wednesday of June Summer Vacation 8 weeks This arrangement will make the college year 39 weeks, one week longer than heretofore. (151) It is recommended that the next year should (151) commence Sept. 2nd as it would not be expedient to shorten the coming summer vacation. Many of this class of students more particularly interested have been consulted and this plan has received their unanimous approval. It is not designed to deprive indigent students of the privilege of teaching but to give it to them with less loss in scholarship and discipline than heretofore. The Winter Term with the Fall and Spring vacations will occupy 17 weeks a period amply sufficient for Teaching. All the students can be required to be in college during the Fall and Spring Terms. Those who teach will be absent one term the shortest, instead of a part of two, and their position as students will be definitely understood. By a proper arrangement (152) of the hours of recitation they can anticipate a part of the studies of the Winter Term or make up with the classes following them their omissions, inasmuch as in most cases it will not be necessary for them to be absent every winter. 2. Moden languages In accordance with the usages of most colleges the Modern Languages now constitute a part of the course in the University but while all other studies including even Hebrew for which less generally provision is made and taught without extra expense the students who elect the Modern Languages are required to pay a sum additional to the regular tuition sufficient to defray the whole expense of instruction in this department. This is generally and as we think properly regarded as unjust. We deem it inexpedient in view of the best interests of the University. (153) We recommend therefore that no extra charge hereafter be made for instruction in the Modern Languages and thus until such [\page] 1857-1858 3 time as a professor shall be elected to the department the Prudential Committee be authorized to provide for instruction in this department. 3. Scientific course. Theology etc. It is proposed to give more definiteness to our Scientific course and so to arrange it as to meet the wants of a large class of young men who not having the time or the means of completing a full college course wish to secure a good English Education together with some knowledge of Greek, Hebrew and Theology. It is believed there are many in the church for whom such provision should be made. There (are) in college about forty Preachers and an additional number (154) who intend to devote themselves to the work of the Ministry. But few of them will ever attend our Theological Seminaries yet they would gladly improve opportunity to make some more precise preparation for their future works. It is hoped that during the coming year arrangements may be made on the part of officers of the University to give such extra and voluntary instruction as the time and engagements of the students will allow them to receive. (155) 4. Church scholarships The attention of the Joint Board is particularly requested to the consideration of the expedience of reserving an additional number of cheap scholarships. The proportional number of students who pay tuition is yearly becoming less. Of the present number of students 85 pay no tuition. Nearly all who signify an intention of becoming members of the University urgently request the privileges of scholarships. By a rule of the University tuition is remitted to a certain number of indigent worthy students. The demand for favors of this character is constantly increasing. Other colleges grant similar favors and some give assistance in addition to gratuitous instruction. Judging from present indications it is probable that in a few years tuition in all our colleges will be free. Under such circumstances in as such as the majority (156) of our students now pay no tuition it may reasonably be expected that in a few years all income from this source will cease. Benevolence to the indigent and the worthy, and good policy work within the demand for an increase in the number of scholarships. In a few years it will be too late to increase the endowment by this means. Other Methodist colleges competing with us for the favor of the church and country have introduced the scholarship plan and use it as an inducement to secure students some of whom would otherwise prefer the University. Yet no one of them is so well prepared for the plan as is this institution. Whatever distrust May be excited by the plan with reference to unendowed institutions there can be no doubt as to the benefit resulting to those that do not only rely for support on receipts from tuition. If we had a thousand scholarship holders in various parts of the country we should have a thousand friends who would have a personal and (157) a material interest in the welfare of the University. They would naturally consider its affairs and would not only recommend collegiate education but regard the University as the place in which to secure it. The role of scholarships would be the Most influential mode of advertising. The avails of 100 scholarships at $100 invested as a part of this permanent endowment would be in [\page] 1857-1858 4 the course of years as I think greater than all its future receipts of tuition. It is therefore recommended that a skillful agent should be employed to sell perpetual and transferable scholarships for $100 each. Each scholarship holder shall be entitled to help one student whose character and conduct shall meet the approval of the faculty in the Institution free from tuition charges. It is further proposed that for $50 scholarships shall be issued that shall secure free tuition for fifteen years after the (158) date of the certificate. It is believed that at least 400 perpetual scholarships can be sold and it is altogether probable that the number will be much larger than this. Four hundred scholarships at $100 would amount to $40,000 which at six percent will yield $2,400. Our present highest receipts for tuition are $1500 per year. The benevolence thus would extend the privileges of the University to worthy young men in indigent circumstances. The desire to extend the influence of this University and to protect it against undue competition from other colleges and a sound policy in financing would all seem to unite in demanding this plan. The delay of a few years will render its success impracticable. (159) 5. Reports of Buildings. Improvement of Grounds etc. Some marked changes and as I hope improvements have been made on the buildings and the grounds. This has been made with the concurrence of the committee having them in charge. I deem it due these committees who have so kindly cooperated with me to assume the responsibility so far as may be practicable for the expenditures that have been made on the buildings. As nothing has been done I do not deem absolutely essential and as I must earnestly ask that much more may be done I am willing that the Judgement of the Joint Board with reference to these changes should be considered as approving or disapproving the course of the present Administration. For years past the state of the finances of the University has not allowed the requested expenditure of funds to improve the (160) buildings and the grounds - Many of the Joint Board and also the Alumni and strangers who have visited Middletown have expressed their mortification and used language falling little short of reproach with reference to the appearance of the buildings. Complaint has not been against the local officers and they cannot be justly condemned inasmuch as the funds have not been furnished for improvements and they have not been requested to make them. The amount requested for necessary improvements is not large and though I have not had the means of gaining an accurate knowledge of the state of the funds of the University yet I trust the Institution is able to meet this demand. It would be better to incur a temporary debt than to allow the buildings longer to be neglected. Our friends abroad and this community generally will respect us more and will more readily aid us if we (161) are confident enough to do what our obligations require. Our buildings and arrangements for instruction have too much the aspect of a declining Institution whose friends are doubtful whether its existence can long be continued. Within a few years a great change has taken place in the arrangement for inspection in Institutions of the highest grade and also in schools of a primary rank and I respectfully submit that those who are familiar with the accommodations furnished by more recent colleges, by many Academies and especially those under the [\page] 1857-1858 5 patronage of our church, with the buildings and the conveniences of public schools on inspecting our buildings with their dilapidated doors worn out floors and broken stairways and the accommodations for recitations will not pronounce them respectable or proper. (162) The Mathematical room as been entirely changed and convenient seats for it procured by subscription. the Joint Boards are requested to examine this room and if it meets their approval to direct that the other rooms be put in a similar condition. New doors, new rails for the stairs and in part new floors are absolutely required in the main building. The safety of the building as well as prudence and economy require that it should be thoroughly pointed. It would not be well to leave it in its present condition exposed to the frosts of another winter. The roof is much worn and the shingles must soon be renewed or some other covering provided. A large part of the flashing on the buildings is old and broken and ought to be renewed. There are no cisterns on the premises and but one well and this very dry. In case of a fire it would be impossible to extinguish a conflagration that should (163) make before its discovery considerable progress. Accidents of this kind in the buildings of public institutions have of late become fearfully common and it is very important that all reasonable precautions should be adopted. Still further the students who room in the college buildings have no soft water and so far from having what are termed modern conveniences in dwellings have in this respect hardly the comforts of refined or civilized life. Two cisterns are needed that shall at all times supply abundance of soft water for daily use and also an ample supply for use in case the buildings should take fire. A deep covered drain should be made around the buildings. By this means the too large amount of water used in the buildings would be carried away, the dampness of the lower rooms removed and the general healthiness of the buildings much (164) increased. The rooms of the students require extensive repairs and it is believed such repairs would secure many desirable results. Much of the disorder that in times past was common in colleges and the want of conformity in personal habits to the usage of good society on the part of students may freely be ascribed to the neglect of the authorities of this institution to secure to the students so far as may be practicable the comforts and order of well regulated homes [rooms?]. I could not undertake to govern students in a college in which the rooms, halls and recitation rooms, and the grounds were in a neglected condition wanting in neatness and comfort. There is a moral influence in well arranged buildings in comfortable orderly rooms that cannot otherwise be secured. In all our institutions the buildings do much of the teaching whether for good or evil. I would respectfully suggest that the buildings in all their (165) parts should be put in good order, that the rooms of the students at least once a year should be examined the furniture moved and then put in a good condition and that the expense should be charged on the Term Bills, and further that for all damages as has been the rule the occupants of the room in which the damage is done shall be held responsible but that for all special improvements in their rooms such as furnishings that one half be charged to the students desiring the room and the other half be 1857-1858 6 met by the University. The students have shown a commendable interest in the improvements. They raised by subscription the means to secure appropriate seats for the Mathematical rooms and I announce with pleasure that considering their circumstances they have subscribed a large sum to meet the expense of securing soft water. $35 (166) It is not desired that the permanent funds of the institution should be used for the objects named. We believe that these funds should be held sacred and the increase only used to meet the expense of instruction. The income of the University is derived from several sources and I would suggest that an account should be kept with each fund which should be charged with its own expenses. It is therefore suggested that the income from room rent should be appropriated to such repairs as may be necessary and to secure the comforts and conveniences already named. Should a loan to this fund be necessary to meet expenditures now necessary it will soon be met by this regular income from their occupying the building. After the buildings are put in good condition they should be (167) kept thus by the incidental fund which with a certain stated proportion of the room rent should be made large enough to meet all demands for this purpose. It is hoped that this suggestion that each fund should be chargeable with its own expenses will remove objections to the measures proposed that may be in the minds of any who would be unwilling that any part of the permanent funds should be diverted from their legitimate objects. V. New Buildings In connection with the foregoing suggestions it may be proper to urge the necessity of new buildings to meet the wants of the Institution. Many of our students coming from our larger seminaries where the arrangements for library and religious exercises are greatly superior to ours are greatly disappointed (168) and express their disappointment in strong language of bitterness and reproach. New colleges that have arisen within a few years and are now competing with us have greatly superior accommodations and are so far more attractive to students. The high character of the University, the usages of similar Institutions and not the least consideration the health of the officers and students demand enlarged accommodations for the college exercises. It is manifest that large classes cannot be crowded into our small rooms without injury to all. A large ornamental well furnished building that shall contain recitation rooms, a lecture room and a chapel is greatly needed. We are not without hope that some one of our noble friends to whom God has given means will erect such a building that shall stand as a monument of his liberality. If no-one will do this we believe that by the contributions of many the object may be secured. (169) A suitable building for the accommodation of the departments of Chemistry, Natural Philosophy and Natural History is also [\page] 1857-1858 7 needed Our present building is not suitable and cannot be made thus. Several of the leading colleges have recently secured such accommodations for their departments as (to) render them peculiarly attractive and it is important that we should present similar privileges. We should not in any respect make it a sacrifice to attend our own literary (?) Institutions. (170) Arrangements for next year Vacant Professorships It is well known that the department of Mathematics and Astronomy has been vacant during the year. The resignation of the highly distinguished scholar and able professor who had held that position so long and so well was received with regret by the friends of the University. The faculty have given the subject of selecting a successor to one whose success has been so great a careful consideration and are prepared to nominate a candidate for the vacant department whenever it will suit the convenience of the Joint Board to receive the nomination. Unless the freshman class should be unusually large we hope to be able to conduct this college this coming year without the assistance of a tutor. (171) Preaching in the College Chapel It may be of interest to the Joint Board to know that during the past term the former usage of the University relative to preaching in the college chapel has been restored. In this service I have been cordially and generously assisted by the members of the faculty who are preachers. It is our purpose to continue this practice and we hope much good will result from it. (172) The following seniors having completed the regular college course having been recommended by the faculty and the Examining Committee for the degree of Bachelor of Arts are presented for the approval of the Joint Board (printed list on page 172) (173) The following graduates of the University of three years standing are presented for concurrence with the faculty in a recommendation for the degree of Master of Arts (no list included) (174) Candidates of more than three years standing (no list on page 174) Honorary degrees The faculty present for concurrence the recommendation for the Honorary Degree of Master of Arts the following seniors (no list included) [\page] 1857-1858 8 Respectfully submitted Joseph Cummings (175) 1858-1859 9 Report of the President of the Wesleyan University to the Joint Board for this year ending June 22, 1859 to the . .mm. In presenting this Annual Report it is proper that grateful acknowledgement should be made to God for the tokens of his favor and the many blessings received. The past year has been one of prosperity. There has been harmony among the officers and good order and diligence manifested by the students. The general health of the members of the University has been good. One young man Mr. Powell died soon after entering the Freshman class. The changes authorized by the Joint Board have been adopted and much good has resulted from them. A greater degree of system and thoroughness in study have been secured and the interests of the Institution generally promoted. (176) Repairs The repairs authorized by the trustees have in part been made and the appearance of the buildings and the comfort derived much increased. It is only just to state considering the extensive repairs made and the expenses incurred that the buildings had been greatly neglected and that in some respects they were in a ruinous condition. The repairs have been conducted with economy. In the attempt to measure this if anywhere has been the error as some repairs might have been more thorough. Nothing has been done that can be pronounced extravagant or unnecessary. Your attention is invited to this subject, to the inspection of the buildings and to a consideration of the repairs yet needed. As a part of the work authorized could be deferred it was judged better to divide the expenses between two years. (177) I am satisfied that no funds have been expended that have made a better return or proved a better investment. The favorable effect on the students in care for the rooms and in the neatness and order observed has been moat marked. A recent official inspection of the rooms exhibited these results in a most gratifying manner. The amount expended has proved a good investment in another and more liberal sense - In consequence of these repairs the room rent has been raised so that from the same building an additional income will be received of $214 (?) The Incidental Charge has been increased so as to yield from 150 students an additional income of $388 $514 (?) [\page] 1858-1859 10 The cost of repairs is - 2888.32 This investment will yield - per cent 17 cent (?) This sum might be considered as the income from the investment so that financially the Institution is in a better (178) condition in consequence of the repairs. President's duties extra labors etc. The pressure of duties connected with my Department of Instruction, with extra labor in other classes, with the general oversight of the Institution internal and external and in the superintendence of repair in term time and during vacations has not allowed me to attend to many things I deem important. I have devoted as much time to visiting the Patronizing Conferences as appeared to be proper under the circumstances but I am persuaded that the interests of the University demand that more attention should be given to this work. Several of the Patronising Conferences have not been visited for several years. It is important that (179) the circumstances and the claims of the University should be more fully represented than can be done in any other way than by the presence of an officer at their sessions - I therefore invite an expression of opinion on this subject. It would be impracticable to make these visits and attend to the duties of instruction during the Third Term in which all the Patronizing Conferences hold their sessions. Theological Instruction A very interesting class in Theology has been maintained during the greater part of the year - Some misapprehensions relative to our views and purposes has led to some unfriendly remarks by some whom we regard as earnest friends of the University - We trust the subject is now better understood and our course better appreciated. No part of the college funds is used to secure Theological Instruction as the labor is purely voluntary and gratuitous. (188) It should however be understood that many friends of the University wish a Theological Department to be established and have made some efforts to secure it. Scholarships In compliance with the direction of the Joint Board, cheap scholarships on the terms authorized were offered for sale during the year. Circulars were issued to all the members of the Patronizing Conferences and to many others. There have been but few responses and but few scholarships have been sold. No authority was given to employ agents on salaries and those who engaged as agents receiving a commission on the amount of sales soon abandoned the business. I am still of the opinion that circumstances rendered this measure not any wise but necessary. It might be well to give [\page] 1858-1859 11 authority to hire a judicious agent who should devote his whole time to this (181) work. It is probable that this would succeed. Should it be the purpose of the Joint Board to press this matter to the attention of the public it ought to be done soon. Present State of the University Wants &c The present condition of the University may be regarded as highly prosperous. A comparatively large number of students is in attendance and we are confident that in all the qualities that would be deemed desirable in young men preparing for usefulness they are not excelled. There is a strong religious influence in the college. Of 148 students 107 are profoundly pious and 50 are ministers. The present indications are that an unusually large class will enter at the commencement of the next year. (182) An unusually large class will graduate this year and we are pleased to m represent them as young men of far more than usual promise. It is necessary to call the attention of the Joint Board to the subject of repairs. The same considerations urged last year will have more weight this in causing authority to be given to continue repairs until the buildings and the grounds have been brought to a proper state. It will be necessary to put a new covering to the roof of the main building and also of the laboratory. Much of the old plastering in the recitation rooms and in many of the students rooms must be replaced. New fences are needed and various repairs to outbuildings connected with the Institution. It i suggested therefore that the Joint Board should (183) recommend to the Trustees to direct the Committee on repairs to cause such repairs to be made as the interests of the Institution demand. I again urge on your attention the importance of providing speedily for the erection of new buildings. The new building that shall contain a chapel and other public rooms is most imperatively demanded. A committee was appointed last year to consider this subject but it was deemed inexpedient after conversation with different members to call a meeting. Of course the great difficulty in the way of securing this object is the want of funds. It is necessary to secure the means of enlargement before plans are matured. There are indications of a general feeling that the time has come when the original plans and purposes of the Founders of the University should be more fully carried out. Thus far arrangements have been made simply for a (184) for a (sic) college but there is a demand for a more extended course of study in various departments and an increase in the number of the departments of instruction. In this respect the Wesleyan University does not compare favorably with other colleges in N.E. Its friends and patrons demand that in no means so far as the facilities for an extended course of instruction shall it [\page] 1858-1859 12 be inferior to other Institutions. Other Institutions are now promising to furnish to the Church what the means of this our oldest Institution will not permit. Much sympathy is secured for them by this means. It is evident that the same amount of funds will accomplish more if given to this Institution than can be secured by founding a new one. Its Alumni have a powerful influence in the church and in the land. They will generally give their Alma Mater their influence and (185) that it should hold a high rank and not be inferior to others in its endowment and its facilities for instruction. The North East and the N.Y. Conferences at their last sessions appointed committees to devise the means for increasing its endowment it (sic) is believed that other conferences will respond cordially to any effort they may make and engage in their plans so far as they mmY require cooperation. It is evident that an endowment that would once have well sustained a college is now insufficient. Salaries and other expenses are nearly double what they were years ago. This increased expense has resulted from changes that have been going on in the commercial world chiefly from the marked decline in the relative value of money. Political economists assure us that this decline may be expected to continue for several years to come. (186) It is evident that it will seriously affect all Institutions sustained by invested funds drawing simple interest and to give them the required efficiency their funds must be largely increased. In 1834 the supply of gold from all parts of the world was estimated at $30,000,000 and in 1852 at $119,596,000. Since 1858 gold has declined in value from 15 to 21 per cent and it is estimated that within a quarter of century money will be depreciated to one half of what was its value before 1858. Allusion is made to this subject the full discussion of which in this connection would be inappropriate as one reason and a most important one why measures should be adopted to secure a larger endowment than we have secured. It has been the misfortune of the University that it has been compelled to use the gifts of its friends to meet its current expenses. (187) Had the whole amount bestowed been given at one time and funded it would now have a large endowment. Not till the $100,000 fund was secured did the income meet current expense. At least $100,000 are needed now for the erection of new buildings the endowment of new professorships the increase of the Library and the increase in various other ways of the facilities of instruction. It may be questioned whether $100,000 devoted to any other object can secure so ample a return to the church or community at large. It is greatly to be desired that those brethren who with a noble generosity have hitherto aided the Church in sustaining the Institution with large donations might be induced to confer with each other and devise means whereby the demands of the church and the wants of our young men might be met. (188) Funds - Endowment [\page] 1858-1859 13 Nearly all the funds of the University under the control of the Corporation had been expended before the last increase of $100,000 was secured. Debts still remain as a serious embarrassment which were previously incurred. Two notes of $1500 each due the Missionary Society still remain. There is also a large debt due the endowment funds. A large part of the $100,000 fund is still in an unsettled condition. A part is in the form of notes payable after a notice of 60 days. I would recommend that the required notice should be given and that collection should be made so far as practicable. A part of the funds is in the form of subscriptions and the evidences of this property have not been formally transferred to the present Trustees of the fund. (189) There is reason to believe that no legal title exists to a portion of the property and that a portion is worthless. I would advise that a committee should be appointed to be composed of gentlemen residing in different sections of the territory who may devise a plan for the increase of the endowment. It is important that early and promt action should be secured. (190) It may not be improper to allude to some of the embarrassments of the Institution. Difficulties that have existed have alienated some friends and dimmed the ardor of others. It is hoped that kindness and conciliation manifested towards them and prudence and faithfulness in the management of affairs may win back their favor. The course indicated has produced some degree of local enmity which is believed to be chiefly owing to the course of some who might have been expected from their relation to the University to sustain its influence instead of using their power to destroy it. Their adverse influences we are confident are diminishing and will soon cease. The want of a very strong local influence has always been an embarrassment. The strongest friends of the Institution have resided at a distance from it and it may not be improper to state (191) that being in opposite directions in rival cities they have been somewhat jealous and distrustful of each other. From a natural law men will more readily aid enterprises near them for the success of which they ( ) will be held responsible. The reasons that originally led to the selection of this location peculiarly fitted for the establishment and success of a first class literary Institution still have force. The facilities for travelling now render distances that once would have been objectionable a matter of little importance. All that is now needed to realize the hopes and secure the object of this University is an increase of the endowment. No new institution even with a larger endowment can gain an influence equal to that here gained in less than a quarter of a century. The great error of the church as almost universally confessed (192) has been a yielding to local influences in establishing Institutions not demanded by the wants of the [\page] 1858-1859 14 church, to which only a partial endowment has been secured. ( ) the ( ) practicable it is probable that one large richly endowed University would exert a greater and more beneficial influence than all the colleges under the patronage of the M.E. church in the Eastern and Middle states. The greater economy in the expenses of education and the influence on the minds of the young derived from the large number of teachers and men devoted to literary pursuits are strong arguments in favor of such an arrangement. To the Wesleyan University in years past have been given the influence of the character and the best efforts of men whose memory will ever be sacred to the church. For it these good and wise (193) men toiled and prayed and in connection with it some of them have died. Their graves are near to us and are yearly visited by a throng of earnest men whose characters they helped to form and who come here to renew the cherished associations of other days. (194) Other Conferences to be invited to send Visitors to the Joint Board I would recommend that the Newark Conference should be invited to become a Patronizing Conference and be authorized to appoint two Visitors having the same powers and privileges as other Visitors. I attended the last session of this conference and presented the claims and objects of the University. The representation was favorably received and the conference unanimously adopted the following resolution "Resolved: That we rejoice to learn from the President of the Wesleyan University that prosperity still attends this the oldest of the colleges of our denomination and in view of its deep religious character, as well as its educational advantages we cordially recommend it to the patronage of our people." Several of our graduates are influential members of that conference and many of our students reside within its bounds. We have reason to believe that the sympathies of the (195) conference are with us. The Wyoming Conference is not now officially connected with any college. I would recommend that the same proposition should also be made to this conference. The Board of Visitors is not full and two conferences for(merly)? the Genessee and the East Genessee are not now connected with it. [\page] 1858-1859 15 (in margin) Preparatory Department There is reason to believe that the influence and advantages of the University would be increased by connecting with it a Preparatory Department. The forty five students who were admitted during the past year came from twenty eight different prepar Institutions. our Conference Seminaries are in a prosperous condition and their officers are friendly to the University - The preparation of students for college is not one of the chief objects for which they are sustained. Of the students they prepare for college many are induced by various (196) considerations to connect themselves with other colleges. The most of these students complete their education under the care of their teachers many pursuing a part of a college course. Many more students would attend college if the advantages of a higher education were brought more distinctly to their attention. This is illustrated in those colleges that have preparatory departments. While we received so few from any one Seminary Genessee College having associated with it a large and flourishing Seminary received forty five students from that Seminary alone. Many (of) our students from a variety of reasons but chiefly from a desire to complete their education as speedily as possible come to us not prepared to enter college. It is hard to reject them as much injury and a severe disappointment would be caused to them. If we had a preparatory department they could finish their preparatory (197) studies and still graduate in four years from the time they entered. It is believed that such a department could be sustained more economically than elsewhere and that it might be made to meet its expenses. Should the new building already referred to be erected in the present buildings including the Boarding Hall sufficient accomodations might be provided. It is not desirable that any part m of the present funds of the University should be used to sustain such a Department. Change in the Charter. It being my duty to make such suggestions as I may deem the interests of the University to require after a careful consideration of the subject I would call your attention to the importance (198) of providing for an important change in the constitution of the Board itself. The Board is now composed of two bodies the Trustees holding office as a general rule during life and the Visitors who hold office for a single year. By this Board thus constituted the most important interests of the University are managed. As the meetings of the Board are held but a single day the Visitors have not opportunity to become sufficiently acquainted with the condition of the Institution to act understandingly on questions affecting its vital interests hence the full benefit of their comments and knowledge is not generally received. Their action with reference to [\page] 1858-1859 16 important measures must often necessarily be contrary to their wishes. They must act in haste or not (at) all. I think it is the general sentiment of those who have held this office that their term of service should be longer. (199) On the other hand some of the Trustees from a variety of reasons have lost their interest in the Institution and from disaffection or hostility to officers of the University have exerted a very unfavorable influence. It is often the case that men cease to be the best representation of the church and the best calculated to conduct important enterprises. It is often very desirable to strengthen the influence of the Institution in certain localities, but as the Board of Trustees is nearly full the accomplishment of this object is impracticable. While it is desirable that some men on account of the services they have rendered or the generous donations they have made should continue during life members of the Board of Control yet it is generally thought that an opportunity for change should at certain period be given. It is probable that the original views of the relative influence of the two Boards have not been realized. (200) There is a want of simplicity in the present constitution of the Board and some difference of opinion relative to its powers as conferred by the Charter. The Board is unnecessarily large. It is difficult to obtain the attendance of a Quorum as as (sic) the number required is unreasonable for much of the business. I would therefore recommend that a change should be sought in the Charter from the Legislature of the State and that a single Board of Trustees should be appointed to whom the management of all the interests of the University should be committed, one half of this Board to be appointed by ballot by the Patronizing Conferences and one half by the Corporation, the term of office to be five years. I would further recommend that after the appointment of the first Board under the new Charter that it should be divided into four classes, one class to go out of office each year and new elections to be made by the (201)several bodies by whom the members of the class were appointed. Those whom it is deemed desirable to retain in the Board would of course be reelected and opportunity would be given to secure an increase of power from other sources. This arrangement was recommended by the N.E. Conference at its last session and I am confident it would receive the approval of many friends of the University - New Rule relative to the Faculty - The principles already alluded to may have a further important application. It is evident that the arrangements should be such that the best available talent can at reasonable periods be secured, and I know of no reason why the usual rule now so generally adopted with reference (202) to important offices should not be observed in the appointment of college officers - It may therefore be desirable that he Faculty should be appointed for a period of five years. It is often the case that men of superior talents and peculiar qualifications will arise and it is desirable that opportunity should be given to secure to our colleges the benefit of their services. If college 1858-1859 17 officers who have been in office five years cannot secure a reelection as a general rule it would be better that others should be chosen. Energetic faithful devoted teachers are needed rather than merely literary men. It is often the case that as men extend their researches and seek literary fame that the labor of teaching becomes as drudgery and professional duties do not receive their best efforts. The history of older Institutions shows this to be the case. The usual course is (203) when the endowment will permit to elect younger men as associate Professors and to devolve the chief labor of instruction on them. It is hardly probable that funds will permit the University to resort to this measure for several years. The whole subject is recommended to your careful attention m. Commencement Request of the Alumni A communication made by the Alumni last year requesting that the Exercises of Commencement should be on Thursday and that Wednesday of commencement week should be set apart for their concerns demands careful consideration. It is exceedingly important to connect as clearly as is possible with the Institution the interests and sympathies of the Alumni. The Faculty and the Prudential Committee to whom the (204) subject was referred have not recommended any specific action as they regard the question as involving the convenience of the members of the Joint Board to such a degree that they alone are competent to decide it. Should the Meeting of the Board be held on Tuesday and Commencement on Thursday it is feared that either one or the other would be neglected. There are many reasons why Thursday is preferable as the day for Commencement. I would suggest that it might be desirable to hold the Commencement on Thursday, to appoint the meeting of the Joint Board on Wednesday and to assign to the Alumni for their business and Public exercises either Tuesday or Wednesday as they may prefer - (205) The following are recommended for the Degree of A.B. (list) (206) Recommended for A.M. in course Solon Armstrong Burwell P. Goode John Jay Harrison Edward Johnson Alexander D. McVoy Charles Henry Payne Orville W. Powers Allen Reynolds George Crosby Smith 1858-1859 18 Samuel Porter Upham Emerson Warner Edward B. Otheman (207) Honrary A.M. James B. Dixon Principal of Colburn Academy Rev. Abel Gardner R.S. Moron B.S.(?) of 1855 Julius F. Kellogg of Prov. Conf. Sem'y Alfred S. Purdy M.D. New York Recommendations for degree of Doctor of Divinity - Rev. Francis A. West of the British Wesleyan Conference Rev. John S. Porter of Newark Cont. Rev. Daniel Wise (208) Recommendation for L.L.D. Rev. D.C. () Norman [Joseph Cummings] [\page] 1859-1860 19 211 Report of the President of the Wesleyan University to the Joint Board of Trustees and Visitors for the year ending June 21st 1868 In presenting this Annual Report it is fitting that grateful acknowledgement should be made to God for his continued favor to this Institution. The past year has been one of prosperity. There has been diligence in study, good order and commendable improvement on the part of the students generally. The whole number of students during the year is 140. Two were admitted after the catalogue was issued. One of our number, a worthy and promising young man died during the first Term. The high moral and religions character of the Institution has been maintained. Of the 140 students 119 are professors of Religion and 51 are preachers. (212) A less number than usual was absent during the Winter Term. A more systematic and thorough arrangement for special examinations has been introduced and the standard of scholarship has been raised. We have continued evidence of the benefits resulting from the changes in the Terms. Vacations were recently introduced by the Joint Board. Repairs The repairs authorized by the Trustees have in part been made. Such was the condition of the buildings and grounds that extensive repairs were absolutely necessary. They have been conducted with economy. Nothing has been done that was unnecessary. The work should still be carried on but a much less sum will be required the coming year than was expended during the past year. The efforts made to put the buildings in a neat and (213) comfortable condition have been appreciated by the students and no malicious or wanton damage has been caused during the year. Scholarships - Special Agents The subject of employing special agents to sell Scholarships was presented to the Prudential Committee and discussed at different meetings but under the circumstances, the Committee did not deem it best to accept any proposition made to them and no agents have been employed. Had cheap scholarships been issued earlier it is probable that a much larger number might have been sold. When the measure was adopted it was regarded as a necessity arising from the course pursued by other colleges. A present diminution in the income has resulted but I am confident that eventually the increase will (214) be larger than would otherwise be received. 1859-1860 20 $50,000 Fund I regret to state that the Fund of $50,000 for buildings and an increase in the facilities of instruction ham not been secured. In accordance with the direction of the Joint Board I gave immediate attention to this subject and spent as much time in New York during the summer vacation as the interests of the University demanding my personal attention would allow. I made an earnest effort during the winter to secure subscriptions. After careful inquiry and application to a large majority of those from whom the funds must be expected I came m to the conclusion that during this year the fund could not be secured. After consultation with leading friends of the University I concluded to suspend the (215) the (sic) effort for general subscriptions and give my attention to the immediate duties of my office. Various circumstances combined to render the past year unfavorable for such an effort. Businessmen have not yet fully recovered from recent financial losses and reverses. A large number of those from whom we should expect aid have given liberally to the University - which now holds obligations against them on which interest is paid. They state that when these obligations were given they were assured that the University would be in a good condition and would not need further help for many years. The friends of another Literary Institution have sought and are still seeking to divide the interest in favor of education. They have kept at a heavy expense agents employed in collecting funds. They rely chiefly in their applications for aid in our (216) patronizing territory on those who have been the supporters of the University. As the necessity of two such institutions dependent for support on the same community is not clearly apparent to many it is probable that an excuse is readily found for avoiding either. In some cases there is a dislike to the Institution arising from past association and difficult ties. But a still stronger obstacle is a feeling of indifference arising in part from a want of efficiency [efficacy?] and those manifestations of power and efficiency [efficacy?]which the funds we are seeking alone could enable us to manifest. The strongest obstacle of all is found in the excitement of the public mind relative to various important questions of state and church policy and duty. The determination was freely expressed not to aid enterprises of a character similar to that presented for consideration till these questions (217) of grave interest should be decided. Undoubtedly in some cases most unjustly a prejudice arising from these questions has been excited against the Institution. While I feel willing to serve the University in any way that may be judged best I hope that the Joint Board will not request me to act as an agent for the collection of funds. I feel that I have little adaptation for this work which has become a kind of profession requiring peculiar talents. Being comparatively stranger in the community from which aid must be solicited there is needed the services of a practical businessman acquainted with liberal wealthy men either to assist me or as I deem the better policy to act independently. I shall be pardoned however as I trust for [\page] 1859-1860 21 stating that, considering the cost, my services in this irksome department of labor have become as profitable as those of most agents. It is necessary in various ways to cause the atten- (218)tion of the church to be directed towards the Institution and the effort has resulted in great good in this respect. New Buildings I would more urgently than last year call attention to the necessity of continuing this effort to raise a fund for new buildings and a general increase of the facilities of the Institution. Our interest, honor and duty as a church demand that this college should be placed in circumstances to compete successfully with similar Institutions around it. The liberality manifested by their friend in increasing their funds in erecting buildings and connecting with them Departments and other influences both useful and attractive to young men gives them advantages with which we cannot contend. Probably for years past the first feeling of young men in coming here (219) has been disappointment and chagrin at the accomodations presented. Formerly denominational influences led young men of our church to seek the privileges of our own institutions, on account of the annoyances and discomforts experienced elsewhere, but a more commendable and liberal spirit now prevails and full opportunity is given for the enjoyment of religious preferences. It is now the case that many sons of members and of ministers of our church are educated in colleges under the control of other denominations. In many cases as a result of this, their influence to a great extent if not wholly is lost to our church. The time has come when this Institution should be placed in the position designed by its founders. An institution of the highest grade with ample endowment is demanded. Nowhere at so little expense and under so favorable circumstances can this object be realized. (220) There is nothing objectionable in the location. It is doubtful indeed whether another place could be selected where the interests of the whole community interested could as well be secured. It is therefore very important that funds should be secured not only for new buildings, but also for the establishment of new professorships and a general increase of the facilities of instruction. I do not feel it (sic) liberty to urge this subject further as it was earnestly presented for your consideration at your last meeting. (221) Finances As a subject of special importance I call your attention to the state of the Finances. A general statement will be found in the Financial Exhibit, copies of which have been placed in your hands. It should be understood that nearly all the funds under the control of the Corporation had been expended before the effort to secure the $100,000 was made. 1859-1860 22 Had all the funds given at different times been bestowed at one time, a large fund would have been secured as an endowment. But for many years the Institution was under the necessity of using these funds to meet current expenses or the operations of the college must have been suspended. No complaint so far as I know has ever been made of any perversion of funds. Should it be asked what has become of them, the answer is they have been expended and the result (222) is to be found in the good accomplished, and in the fact that nearly 700 young men have been here educated and have gone forth to do a noble work for God and humanity. In justice to the present Trustees of the Permanent Fund it should be stated that the reports they have submitted are made in accordance with the plan they found in use. When no change in the value of property has taken place they have continued to report it as in former reports. The whole amount of property reported is $209,919.06 - Funds 136999.45. At the time of the transfer of the funds no legal evidence was presented in relation to $22555 of this sum and relative to the greater part of it there is no evidence of ownership on the part of the University. Inquiry has been made for such evidence but it has not as yet been found. The sum named as the value of the property must be regarded as nominal. (223) About 11,245 must be regarded as worthless. No present income is received from about $21647. In this amount is included the sum stated as worthless. Not more than $6000 (sic) is good. Of this property $14657.77 consists of obligations of the University due to itself. The funds have been used and the Treasurer's note has been given in their place. This may be regarded as worthless inasmuch as there is no prospect of payment. A large part of the debt reported as existing against the University is of this character. That a record should be kept of the amount due the permanent Funds of the Institution it would be better to reduce the statement of property to its real value. No special change has occurred during the past two years as all the losses had occurred before. (224) I deem it important to call attention again to another point of importance. For a large part of this property notes are held which by their conditions are payable after 60 days' notice. I have endeavored to collect a part of these notes and have proposed that the requisite notice should be given but have been informed that the promise was given that payment should not be demanded but the notes should be regarded as an investment. An attempt to collect these notes would probably be regarded as offensive. This kind of property cannot be regarded as the safest kind of investment. In the vicissitudes of business should various and embarrassing losses occur it is not probable that these notes would be among the first obligations to be met. (225) It will be observed that the income during the past year has not met the expenses. This has resulted in part from the repairs that have been made. With reference to this it should in this connection be stated, that the additional means from the increased charge for room rent and incidentals pay a large per cent on these expenditures so that in a most important [\page] 1859-1860 23 sense these expenditures, in addition to all other advantages secures a pecuniary advantage that could not otherwise be obtained. A part of the deficiency is owing to the payment of the amount due the Missionary Society. The debt has been a serious drain on the resources of the Institution. One note which with the interest will amount to $1628.90 still remains due. The only means . of payment as in the case of previous notes of the same kind will be to use the invested funds of the Institution. (226) The new issue of Scholarships has for the present reduced the income. This effect can only be regarded as a temporary one inasmuch as from the nature of arrangements already existing at the time of this issue and from the force of circumstances and the nature of the competition that must be met the charge for tuition would soon have been abandoned. The amount of funds not including conference funds no~ craMing interest and considered good is about $96000. The income considering all the probable contingencies will not be sufficient to meet current expenses under the present arrangement. It will not be deemed (227) proper or safe to use invested funds to meet ordinary expenses. I would therefore distinctly recommend that the funds either be increased or that the expenses of the Board of Instruction should be diminished. The measure that would occur to some, a reduction of salaries, I cannot think would for a moment for various considerations be contemplated. For myself and I presume I speak the sentiments of others in the Faculty - I would much rather perform much extra labor than allow a diminution of the facilities of instruction or inattention to the neatness and good order of the buildings and all other means that should contribute to the comfort of the students and the cultivation of good habits and a refined taste, which must be regarded as an indispensable part of a good education.(228) The number of the Faculty has not for years been less than now and has at different periods been larger. It would be hazardous to the best interest of the Institution and of the cause to reduce its ( ) rather than abuse a trust by a wrong use of funds. I regard the measure as not only desirable but imperative. I empress the hope that the liberal friends of the cause of education connected with this honored Institution would forget past disappointment and give to it additional aid. (229) Preparatory Department The importance of establishing a Preparatory Department was urged on the attention of this Board at its last meeting. The subject was referred for consideration to the Prudential Committee. It was not judged best to take action on this subject during the past year as it is important that the question relative to new buildings first be settled. Should the new building which is needed for public rooms be erected [\page] 1859-1860 24-25 sufficient accomodations for such a Department would be found in the present college buildings including the Boarding Hall. The reasons urged in behalf of this measure exist with greater urgency. The influence and usefulness of the University would be greatly increased. It is not the chief object of our Seminaries and Academies to prepare students for college. It is probable that in on one of them is there as a (sic) large a (230) a number having a collegiate education in view as would soon be gathered here. Peculiar advantages would here be furnished and a greater stimulus to seek the highest advantages of an extended education. The Institutions under the care of the patronizing conferences of the University are accomplishing a noble work. They are friendly to us yet but few students are received from them. During the past year fifty-one students were admitted to this University and they came from thirty different places of preparation. Such a department would receive considerable local patronage and being in the bounds of the New York East Conference would receive much aid from the Conference's patronage. At the last session of the Conference this measure was considered and formally a resolution approved. Instruction in the usual preparatory courses and in other (231) branches of an Academic education can be furnished at less expense for building and teachers than elsewhere. The interests of the University demand this accomodation. Many of our students come to us poorly prepared. We do not feel at liberty to reject them as many of them are earnest worthy men to whom much injury and a serious disappointment would result from such a rejection. It would be of great advantage to such students to give several months' study to preparatory studies. In many cases they would still be able to complete the college course in the four years and do this with greater satisfaction and profit to themselves. Many other benefits would result from this measure which I will not now urge on your attention. As a general rule those colleges that have such Departments are greatly (232) benefited, receiving more students from them than all other patronizing Institutions - As I think it evident that great good would result from the measure I recommend it for your approval. It is no part of the design to place it in competion (sic) with other Institutions having in part the same object. Inasmuch as special attention must for awhile be directed to other subjects I would recommend that the Prudential Committee should be authorized to open the Department as soon as in their judgement it may be expedient. Of course the Department must be made to support itself as I should not deem it proper to use any part of the income of the college fund to sustain it. (233) Newark & Wyoming Conferences The invitation extended to the m Newark and to the Wyoming Conferences to become patronizing conferences was cordially accepted and both are now patronizing conferences having appointed Visitors who are members of this Board. A number of promising young men residing within the bounds of these conferences are now members of the University and we have reason to expect that through their patronage its influence will be [\page] 1859-1860 26 greatly inreased. President's Duties Visiting Conferences My time has been so much engrossed by the duties of an importance to the Board of Instruction, the requirements of the special agency assigned me, and by the oversight of repairs and all the details of the general management of the University that (234) I have not felt at liberty to devote as much time to visiting conferences as the interests of the University require. I can find time for additional duties here should it be necessary but from the nature of this case cannot attend to the duties that need attention here and spend a large portion of the time abroad. I have felt constrained for the reasons already stated to decline invitations to visit Academies and churches although I regard it as very important that a reasonable number of such calls should be accepted. Many of my duties are very distasteful. I hope the time may come when the care of many details and much of the drudgery now connected with my position may be removed. Theological Instruction Since the offer of Theological instruction was made two classes have been formed. One was a large and promising class, giving commendable attention to the subject. A class was continued through only a part of the past year. The offer is still made and I deem it of importance to young men that it should be generally understood. Of the 140 students connected with the college during the past year 51 are preachers. It is very important inasmuch as very few of this number will have any other opportunity for Theological Instruction that the privilege should be offered. If students were well prepared for college and could continue in college during all the course opportunity would be given for an extended course in this Department. But such are the embarrassments of our students rendering it difficult for them to complete their reg-(236) ular studies that although they greatly desire it they are not able to avail themselves of the privilege. The Scientific Course affords a good opportunity in connection with the privilege of Theological instruction for special preparation for the work of the ministry in those cases in which young men have not the time or the means to secure a full college course. As the usual influences that to a great extent lead a student to careful and earnest study do not affect this Department no great prominence can be given to it nor would it be reasonable to expect any results worthy of special notice in circumstances of so great embarrassment. [\page] 1859-1860 27 (237) Prizes In many colleges Prizes are now offered as a stimulus to exertion and a reward of particular success in the various Departments of the college course. No fund is available for that purpose here. For the past three years an officer of the college has given a prize for excellence in Elocution. A prize for superior excellence in Mathematics has been given the present year to a member of the Sophomore Class by Mr. C.C. Adams one of the Alumni. The influence of these prizes is very salutary. The subject is mentioned here with the hope that some gentlemen of the Board will either establish prizes or induce their friends to do this. (238) Repairs yet needed The extent of needed repairs will depend on the decision that may be given relative to the new buildings. Should we be compelled to continue in our present accommodation the recitation rooms must be repaired. Nothing has been done to them during the past year. Should a new building rooms it is to be greatly desired that the building fund should be sufficient to make extensive alterations in the chapel building so that the interests of the college may better be promoted by its use. Resignation of Professor Lindsay It is with regret that I announce that the resignation of Professor Lindsay will be presented at this meeting. He has performed the duties of his department in a very able and satisfactory (239) manner. His colleagues and other friends of the University deeply regret that he has deemed it his duty to leave his post. It will be necessary at the present meeting of the Board to make a new election. Profound change relative to the Term of membership in the Joint Board I again urge the importance of making a change in the organization of the Joint Board. The subject has attracted the attention of the friends of the college and two conferences at different times have recommended a change. The Trustees now hold office for life and the Visitors are appointed annually. The evils of the extremes of two principles of appointment are thus combined without any corresponding benefits. I trust that it is the general sentiment that term of membership of the Trustees should be (240) limited to five years with opportunity for reelection as often as may be deemed desirable and also that the Visitors should hold office the same term. [\page] 1859-1860 28 It would be desirable to secure a single board one half of whom should be appointed by the Patronizing Conferences and the other half by the Board. This board should be divided into five classes whose term of membership should end on different years. The reorganization would require a change in the charter which we think could be readily secured. It may be secured in another way if the Trustees will voluntarily divide themselves into five classes and agree to resign on the expiration of the proposed time of membership. All new members would then be elected for a definite Term. All the advantages of the present arrangement would be secured inasmuch as those who are (241) interested in the welfare of the Institution and rendering it essential service would be reelected and the advantages of their council would still be secured. It is now difficult to secure the attendance of a quorum of the Trustees to attend to some of the most important items of business. Some members have not attended any meetings of the Board since my connection with the college. Some are disaffected and others have become indifferent. The Board is now nearly full and yet there are several more friends of the Institution whose efforts for it would be greatly increased if they accepted the responsibility of being Trustees. It is natural to expect that liberal men will feel more interest in a cause with which they have a direct connection than they will expend for others over which they have no control. It will be admitted that the church has the right to demand that (242) the best available men shall be placed in control of so great and important interests. I therefore recommend this subject to your careful consideration a one that deserves careful consideration. I have full confidence that these suggestions will be kindly received and that it will be believed that only a strong desire for the best interests of a cause in which we are all interested has led to their presentation. (243) New rule relative to the Faculty - Activated by the motive already referred to I would call your special attention to the measure proposed for consideration last year relative to time for which Officers of Instruction should be elected. As has been already stated it is only a matter of right as well as propriety that in these important positions the best men should be placed. It is often the case that after such positions are filled men of superior qualifications and talents will arise and it is desirable that opportunity should be given to secure to our higher Institutions of learning the benefit of their services. If college officers who have held a position five years cannot render their reelection desirable it is probable as a general rule that others should be chosen. It is often the case that the routine and detail of teaching after years of [\page] 1859-1860 29 experience become distasteful, enthousiasm, the essen (244)tial qualification of a good teacher, declines & a cold formality only is exhibited. The duties of the office are performed with reluctance and a general inefficiency marks the course of an officer who at the time of election gave promise of great usefulness. A successful teacher must be an earnest man whose whole energies are given to his work, one who does not consider how much he is obliged by the contract to perform but one who labors freely and feels it a duty to do so far as lies in his power whatever the best interests of the Institution require. I recommend both these measures relating to the Joint Board and the Faculty to your special attention. Should the rule relative to the Faculty be adopted some special arrangements (that) will be needed to give it efficiency then will readily be suggested. (245) Want of Interest in the Institution It is made my duty to present such suggestions as I may deem the interests of the Institution to require. With some reluctance and embarrassment I therefor call attention to indications of a want of interest in the University such as its importance and its position require. This is owing in part to the fact that many to whom we might look for support have not correct ideas of the real character of a literary Institution. They expect all the stir and bustle the excitement and all the arts to gain public favor that are common in business and other departments of effort. An efficient and eminently useful institution may seem to them to give indications of a want of energy and tact in its management and as wanting success in its results. A second cause may be found in the effect of past difficulties (246) a degree o alienation of interest and bittern unkindness was caused & not yet removed though it is hoped that conciliation and kindness will counteract its effect. Another reason will be found in the fact that the requisite funds have not been furnished to enable the institution to present the advantages it is authorized to bestow and which can elsewhere be gained. Still further new colleges have sprung up resorting to unusual means to gain favor and making great promises relative to the advantages that may be secured by a connection with them. Whether these promises will be fulfilled time only can determine. The effect has been to draw away attention from those institutions that for years have been pursuing their appropriate work. One other cause I mention with reluctance and pain. Complaints have been made (247) relative to the wants of efficiency and success in [\page] 1859-1860 30 maintaining some of the Departments. Such a complaint is far too general for the interests of the Institution and constitutes a serious embarrassment to its influence. It is believed that many students are deterred from coming here by this cause. It is of course a proper subject for inquiry whether these complaints are well founded. All the Departments should be filled by men who deserve the favor and confidence of the community. It is the duty of the Join Board to make all proper investigations and to remedy the evil so far as lies in their power. It may be proper to state this subject was referred to in my last report but that a late hour the passage was stricken out and omitted in its presentation . In all questions relating to the church (248) and official trust I feel that consideration of duty must be superior to private feeling which would lead me to still suppress the above statement. As an additional difficulty with which the Institution is called to contend I might mention its name. The impression is widespread that the college is a kind of Theological Institution and the friends of other Institutions use this as an argument to induce young men under their influence to connect themselves with other colleges. (249) The gentlemen whose names follow constituting the largest class that has ever gradated from the University are recommended for the degree of A. B. [printed list] The following gentlemen are recommended for the Degree of AM. in course. [no list] [Joseph Cummings] [\page] 1860-1861 31 Report of the President of the Wesleyan University to the Joint Board of Trustees and Visitors for the year ending June 20th 1861 In presenting this Annual Report it is my sad duty to inform the Board that during the year two Trustees, Hon. Elisha Harris and Joseph Tobey, have died. I would suggest that appropriate notice should be taken of this event. They were both well known to the Board, and it may not be fitting for me to anticipate its action by a presentation of their many public and private virtues, the service they have rendered the cause of education and their devotion to the interests of the University. The number of students enrolled during the past year is 137. Of these 106 are professor of religion and 40 are licensed preachers. Several others intend to devote themselves to the work of the ministry. So far as relates to the general management of the institution the past year has been one of good (252) order harmony and success. One member of the Sophomore Class, Mr. Henry A. Buttrick, a most excellent young man and one of great promise, died during the past Term. The engrossing interest in the affairs of the country which especially affects young men has to some extent interrupted the usual course of our pursuits and has interrupted the studies of the students but we regard it as a subject for congratulation that under the circumstances so much has been accomplished and that to so good a degree the discipline and usual order of the Institution have been maintained. In response to the call of the President of the nation for volunteers for three months' service a large number of our students enlisted in the army, but after they were accepted by the state authorities and their studies had been for weeks interrupted the regiment with which they (253) were connected was discharged. About fifteen students are now enlisted for three years. Of this number three belong to the present graduating Class. We commenced this year with one vacant professorship and about the middle of the Fall Term Professor Lane resigned his professorship and on account of the nature of his engagements, left in less than a week after the notice of his resignation was given. His resignation was presented to the Prudential Committee and by it accepted, but I would respectfully suggest that some notice should be taken by the Joint Board of the resignation of an officer who has so long served the Institution, and in various ways rendered it essential service. With the concurrence of the Prudential Committee Dr. Coleman has been employed during the year to teach Hebrew and Greek. He has rendered valuable (254) service and given entire satisfaction to the Faculty and to the students. Mr. R. G. Hibbard has been employed during the year to give instruction in elocution. He is an excellent teacher. He has given entire satisfaction to his classes and his instructions have awakened great interest in this Department. It is very desirable that an arrangement should be made to retain his services. Prof. Van Vleck taught an extra class during one term and a half and with the amount thus saved an excellent Theodolite has been purchased and added to the Apparatus. I commenced the year with one extra Class and during the past two Terms have performed all the labor of two Departments excepting the classes in Elocution and one Class in composition of which Dr. Johnston kindly assumed the charge. [\page] 1860-1861 32 By this arrangement abut (255) $1200 have been saved in the expenses of Instruction. The greater part of this sum has been expended in various improvements. No extra compensation has been paid to any officer. Provisions for the Vacant Departments It is recommended that the Department of Greek Language and Literature should be immediately filled. It is very important that the the (sic) other vacant Department should be filled as soon as arrangements can be made which, all things considered, will best promote the interests of the Institution. On this subject there is not an entire agreement of opinion. It is admitted that it is very desirable that the Faculty should be made to consist of the usual number by the election of an additional Professor, indeed the demand of the times and the course of other colleges would (256) strongly indicate that the Faculty should be increased rather than to diminish the number even temporarily. It is probable that there would be a suspicion of inefficiency and that complaint would be heard should not all the departments be filled. The arrangement that has been adopted during the past year is objectionable for several very apparent reasons. The usual amount of Instruction assigned to the President in connection with his other duties renders the labors of his Department as severe as those of any other. It is not (to) be supposed that he can sustain two departments as well as one. It is not desirable moreover for various reasons that he should be brought into connection with the students so constantly as this arrangement requires. It would naturally and normally be expected that an additional Professor will (257) bring additional influence and favor to the Institution. On the other hand it is to be considered that our finances are now in a precarious condition and that in the present state of the country our income is uncertain. Of the nominal funds of the Institution $84,300.24 are in notes and subscriptions. We cannot induce those who owe this amount to regard these obligations as they regard business obligations and it is not expedient to attempt to enforce payment. I do not think the Joint Board would be justified in making an arrangement that would require for an indefinite time an expenditure that would exceed the income. The condition of two of the buildings belonging to the Institution absolutely demands that heavy expenditures should be made during the coming year in order to preserve valuable property. Grave questions arise (258) as to the best arrangement for the Department to be established. I am willing while the funds of the Institution are in the present state to do more work than would be required if the English studies should be divided between the President and another Professor and would earnestly recommend that soon one should be secured who by his reputation for attainment in Modern languages, in Oriental languages or in Biblical Literature should bring to the Institution new elements of favor and commanding influence. I doubt whether we are prepared to make a selection that shall meet this view. I am very desirous that the renovation of the buildings and the general repairs which have been commenced should be completed. In common with my associates I have a desire for the property of the Institution which I have not the means to secure. I cannot give the funds. I am willing to unite with the generous men who have contributed so liberally to its funds [\page] 1860-1861 33 and give what I have. I am willing therefore for one year to perform a large amount of extra labor. I would therefore recommend that one department should be left vacant for another year and the funds thus saved should be appropriated to repairs and improvements. Should the Joint Board determine to elect two Professors I would recommend that Moral and Intellectual Philosophy should again be united and connected with the Presidency and that a Department of Rhetoric and English Literature should be established. This is the most natural arrangement and one that will best promote the interests (260) of the Institution. Finances -- A general statement relative to the Financial condition of the University will be found in the Financial Report copies of which have been placed in your hands. I again call your attention to the statement that it is the nominal amount of property which is here presented. There may be some difference of opinion as to its real value. Having made a full statement relative to the condition of the property last year and no special change having occurred m this year I do not feel at liberty to repeat the statement unless it shall be called for by members of the Board. (261) As a large part of the Property is in notes and subscriptions, it is to be feared not only that the income of the University will be diminished during the coming year but that a large permanent decline in the value of the property will be experienced. New Buildings A the commencement of the present collegiate year there was a good prospect that at least one new building imperatively demanded by the wants of the Institution would be secured but owing to the financial difficulties of the country it has been judged expedient after consultation with leading friends of the University to defer the effort to secure the funds. I again urge the subject as one of vital importance, and hope that such action will be taken as shall still keep it before the minds of our friends so that (262) the first favorable opportunity may be improved to secure the funds requisite for its accomplishment. Repairs As we have expected to secure our new buildings some repairs which must be made if we continue to occupy our present recitation rooms have been alayed(sic). Under present circumstances I request the Board to authorize such repairs as are imperatively demanded. It will be necessary to repair the roof of the Chapel building and also the roof of the Boarding Hall dormitory during the present year. These repairs will be necessary in order to preserve valuable property. Some changes that would not involve much expense should be made in the Boarding Hall. An increased income may [\page] 1860-1861 34 (263) thus be derived constituting a large percentage on the amount expended. A new tower should be erected in connection with this building and on the top of this tower, arrangements may be made for an Astronomical Observatory which will meet the more pressing want of the Department of Astronomy for several years. I would suggest that a committee should be appointed to inspect the premises and to consider the details of the arrangement proposed. Reorganization of the Joint Board and the term of service of the Trustees It has not been practicable to secure a meeting of the Committee to whom this subject was referred. This subject has been fully discussed at several meetings of the Board and the opinion generally expressed that some change is greatly needed. (264)I would suggest as a measure that will in part at least secure the improvement desired that Trustees, that may hereafter be elected, should be elected for a period of three years subject to a reelection and that the Patronizing Conferences should be requested to elect Visitors for a period of three years. Should the proposition be adopted it would be desirable that at the first elections Conferences sending Visitors should elect them for different periods in order that some members of the Board representing the conferences should hereafter be elected every year. As there are several vacancies in the Board of Trustees it may be desirable that additional members should be elected. I would respectfully suggest that it is very desirable that gentlemen should be elected who will attend the Annual (265) meetings of the Board and that those only should be elected who will by their influence and personal aid secure an increase of power to the University. The charter requires the presence of a majority for the transaction of important business. Under the present arrangement it is difficult and often impracticable to secure the attendance of so large a number. (266) Terms and Vacations In accordance with the suggestions in my first Report the Joint Board adopted the present arrangement of Terms and Vacations. The advantages of this arrangement have been very apparent much greater indeed than was anticipated. There has been a marked improvement in scholarship and in the regularity of attendance on the part of the students. It is however evident as appears on inquiry that the plan has not pleased the Alumni and many other friends who desire to attend the annual exercises. As the majority of the Academies close their Academic year after Commencement their teachers cannot attend Commencement. Representations have been made that Professional and businessmen (267) are prevented by their engagements from giving us the influence of their presence. It is very important that every facility consistent with the general interests of the Institution should be presented to secure it favor and the attendance at our Annual Exercises of the Alumni and others interested in the welfare of the University. After careful consideration I think an arrangement may be proposed that will obviate the existing difficulties and at the same time secure nearly all the advantages of the present plan. I would [\page] 1860-1861 35 therefore propose that hereafter Commencement should be held on the Third Thursday of July and be followed by a vacation of six weeks, that the Fall Term should continue thirteen weeks and be followed by a vacation of four weeks, that the Winter Term should continue Thirteen weeks and be followed by a vacation of three weeks ( 268). As it may be desirable on account of the holidays to make a variation in the Fall and Spring vacations I would recommend that the Faculty should have discretionary power to make such alterations as the Interests of this Institution may require. Degrees The following gentlemen are recommended for the Degree of A. B. (list) (269) The gentlemen whose names follow are recommended for the Degree of A. M. in course: Gilbert S. Keyes Henry Baker Hiram P. Shepard Danl. C. Knowles Asahel Eggleston Henry E. Eastman Joseph W. Ellis Thomas R. Ercanbrack Edwin S. Snow Arza Hill George S. Chadbourne Solomon Parsons I would ask liberty to add to this list the names of any regular members of the Class of 1858 that may come to us before Commencement . (270) With the concurrence of the Faculty I recommend that the degree of Master of Arts Honoris Causa should be conferred on Rev . William Morle Punshon of England and on Alexander S. Reid of Newfoundland I recommend with the concurrence of the Faculty that the Degree of Doctor of Divinity should be conferred on Rev Samuel Dousland Waddy of Sheffield England and on Rev William Griffin of Albany [\page] 1860-1861 36 Respectfully submitted Joseph Cummings [\page] 1861-1862 37 Report of the President of the Wesleyan University to the Joint Board of Trustees and Visitors for the year ending July 17th, 1862 The most impressive fact that demands attention in commencing this Report is the change that has been made by death in the permanent members of this Board. During the past year five Trustees have died: Rev. Benjamin Griffen Jonathan Burns [Barnes] Esq. Hon. William L. Storrs L.L.D. Samuel Russell Rev. Nathan Bangs D.D. It would not become me to attempt to present the leading characteristics of these gentlemen, to portray their moral worth or to describe the loss their death has caused to the University, and the varied interests with which they were connected. So unusual a series of events calls for special attention and I recommend that a committee should be appointed to prepare a suitable minute to be entered on the Records of (272) the Board. So far as relate to the general management of the Institution, the past year has been one of good order, harmony, and success . Notwithstanding the excitement of the times which affects young men more than others, but little interruption has been caused in the College exercises. Several graduates of the last class and several members of our present classes are in the army. Our company of Connecticut volunteers was named the Wesleyan University Guards. All the members of the University enlisted as private soldiers and have steadily and honourably won their way upward. All but two are commissioned officers and they are noncommissioned officers. They have all gained a reputation highly honourable to themselves and to the University. The number of students enrolled during the year is One Hundred and Fifty-two. The Freshman Class into which fifty-four students have been (273) admitted is the largest class ever received by the University. Of the whole number of students one hundred and seventeen are professed pious and forty-six are Licensed Preachers. Several others intend to devote themselves to the work of the Ministry. Several members of the present graduating class are in the army and consequently are not presented as candidates for a Degree. One member Mr Perry G. Powell died during the Freshman year. Mr Charles H. Lathrop was compelled to leave early in the present year and now lies near to death if he has not already closed his earthly course. Mr Robert B. Atwood died during the present Term. He was a talented noble man holding at the time of his death the highest rank in his class. He enlisted in the army with zeal to serve his country and at a sacrifice that few are called to make. His health failing he was honourably discharged and sooner than his strength would permit he returned to (274) college. His health was seriously affected by exposure and toil and notwithstanding all efforts made to restore it his strength failed, he was compelled to abandon his studies and after months of suffering he died in the triumph of Christian faith. [\page] 1861-1862 38 Board of Instruction Vacancies There has been no change in the Board of Instruction during the past year. Mr. R.G. Hibbard's services as teacher of Elocution have been continued. He has given entire satisfaction. His instructions have been very interesting and profitable. As an evidence of his popularity it may be stated that he has more applications from the students for private lessons than he can grant. I deem it of great importance that his valuable services should be still be (sic) secured for this most difficult Department. There is still one vacant Professorship. Of the duties of this Department Dr. Johnston has taken charge of one class in composition and Mr. Hib- (275) bard of the Elocution. All the other duties have devolved on the President. During the two past years by this arrangement about $2000 have been saved of the usual expenses of instruction. In order to secure some additional improvements and advantages to the Institution I have been willing to perform this labor and am willing to do the same for a season longer if the interests of the Institution shall require. But the labor of Instruction, of general supervision, the constant oversight of the halls and buildings, the extended correspondence and the many cares connected with the President's office constitute a burden which it is not well that any one should long bear and it is hoped that by some arrangement the funds may be increased so that the vacancy in the Faculty may be filled at an early period. I deem it my duty however to warn the Board that income of the Institution will not permit this to be done and at the same time secure other advantages (276) that I deem indispensable. I deem it very important that as soon as circumstances will permit a Professor should be elected who shall be well qualified to take charge of a Department comprising English Literature and the Modern Languages. In this Department would be included the superintendence of the Rhetorical Exercises. It is apprehended that there will be much difficulty in securing an officer who shall possess all the requisite qualifications. Buildings It is not deemed expedient in the present state of the country to urge that any general effort should be made to secure additional buildings and an increase to the endowment, yet I would again urge the subject on the attention of the Board that any favorable opportunity to secure these advantages may be improved. There is need of a building that shall contain larger recitation rooms as our present rooms will not (277) accomodate our classes. An appropriate Library building is greatly needed, and better arrangement for the Department of Natural Sciences, accomodations for which are now distributed in three separate buildings. We ought also to have an Astronomical Observatory with appropriate instruments of approved modern construction. I would also urge attention to the fact that much attention is now given by colleges to the means for physical culture and the improvement of health. Several [\page] 1861-1862 39 Institutions have recently erected costly Gymnasiums and anxious and earnest inquiries are made to know when such accomodations may here be expected. A Gymnasium that would meet our present wants and meet this general demand would not cost a large sum and we hope that some liberal friend will be induced to furnish the requisite sum. It may be that the advantages of such a (278) building are by some overestimated. Yet it is manifest that it is generally desired and perhaps no arrangement would meet with more general favor and hearty approval than this. Repairs The repairs authorized by the Board at its last Meeting have in part been made and care has been used to secure the utmost economy in their completion. Repairs during the coming year will involve less expense than during the past. The Boarding Hall and one half of the Chapel should be shingled. Some expense will be involved in the contemplated rearrangement of the Library and the removal of the Cabinet of Minerals. In view of the expense necessary to secure these objects I do not urge that the vacant Department should now be filled. (279) Library Catalogue Reading Room It is proposed during the coming vacation to rearrange the Library and to remove the Cabinet of Minerals to another room. I would recommend that a new Catalogue of the Library should be prepared and that the Chairman of the Library Committee should be authorized to superintend the work. The old catalogue was issued in 1837 . Such have been the changes in the Library that a new Catalogue is imperatively needed. The Reading Room is as it has been for years past under the charge of the students and is not well managed. A large debt has accumulated which there is no means of defraying. No one is directly responsible for this debt as the officers of the association are annually changed but in consequence of it the reputation of the University suffers. (280) It is believed that the objects of the Reading Room can be much better secured should it be placed under the care of the Institution and that the debt may be discharged by the income from the room. I recommend that the Reading Room should be placed under the care of the President and that a charge for its use should be made in the Term bills of the students. Finances Te Report o the Treasurer will inform the Board of the state of the finances . I have frequently called attention to the fact that the annual Statement relative to Property is only nominally correct. Various kinds of obligations are reckoned, some of which never has any value and others at best but an uncertain value. [\page] 1861-1862 40 A large amount of property is in notes which are so written that those who gave them consider themselves at liberty to consult their own convenience in their payment. From the nature of the case such property must annually depreciate. The obligations when given in the best form are not regarded as business papers and in times of financial difficulty are too often practically repudiated. I would earnestly urge a recommendation made in former reports but not as yet adopted, that the outstanding obligations held due the University should be placed in the hands of some judicious lawyer (282) for collection. There is an exepnse and delay in collecting the interest that by this course would be avoided. Vacancies in theBoard of Trustees There are several vacancies in the Board of Trustees and it may be important that several of them should be filled at the present Meeting. It is important that men who are not only well calculated to assist in the deliberations of the Board should be selected but those who in an important sense can add to the influence of the Institution. In certain communities our influence might be greatly increased by a judicious selection of Trustees. There are several Trustees whose places are vacant by the rule that declares the place of any Trustee vacant who shall be absent at three successive annual meetings of the Board without excuse . (283) The Office of the President vacant By the arrangement made by the Joint Board relative to the term of office of the Faculty the office of President becomes vacant at the present meeting and it will devolve on the Joint Board to fill the vacancy. I deem this rule that thus gives opportunity for a review of the course of each member of the Board of Instruction a most important one. Opportunity is given by refusing to reelect him for the removal of an incompetent or unsuccessful officer without that difficulty and evil that usually attends the presentation of charges of insufficiency or incompetency. I submit my own administration to the (284) review of the Board having confidence that they will not allow improper influences to control their decision. Five years ago this summer I was elected President of the Wesleyan University and four years ago last March I entered on the duties of the office. I accepted the office with great reluctance knowing well the difficulties to be encountered. Very many important changes in the mode of conducting the affairs of the University have been made and their influence has been highly beneficial. It was to be expected that in incurring these changes opposition would be encountered. There is reason for thankfulness it has been no greater. [\page] 1861-1862 41 Should the Board renew the expression of their confidence I am willing to endeavor in the present circumstances of the Institution to perform the labor for a while longer which I have sustained during the past two years. But I again remark that this labor cannot long be sustained with the highest benefit to the Institution or with the highest safety to the officer assuming it. Assistance in the Board of Instruction Should the vacancy in the Faculty not be filled I would suggest that it is expedient to authorize the Prudential Com to (seek) such assistance as may be available at an expense not exceeding Three Hundred Dollars. Perhaps the most difficult and annoying part of the duties now devolving on the President is the general supervision of the (286) buildings especially at night. I have found it expedient to make my room in college my study and to spend all my evenings there, unless specially engaged elsewhere. The excessive drudgery in preserving order does not properly belong to the office of the President and it is to be hoped the circumstances of the Institution will be such that it will soon be able to make other arrangements for this work. Rules There is at present no printed code of rule for the government of the students. Some inconveniences have been experienced for the want of them and I would suggest that the President be authorized to prepare and print a code of rules that shall contain the present usages and requirements of the Institution so far as they relate to the students. (287) Candidates for Degrees Thomas Francis Barnswell and William I . Johnson are recommended for the degree of Bachelor of Science. (printed list) are recommended for the degree f Bachelor of Arts. (288) Candidates tor degree of Master of Arts [\page] 1861-1862 42 Henry Crounce Abbott David Allison F redrick S. Barnum Asa Boothby Robert Pagan Bucknam George Gamaliel Dains Spencer Curtis Fuller Edwin Bayard Harvey William Fletcher Hatfield Samuel Jackson Joseph L. Morse John Emory Powers Silas Everard Quimby George Litch Roberts [A]lfred Henry Saxe William Henry Starr Horace Sumner Tarbell Frederick Woods John Wesley Young (289) John William Hoyt Class '58 Nelson Stutson " " George Hussey Tracy" " Henry A. Collin " " Henry Alonzo Collin" " John Newton Dorris Alumnus of Genessee Colege Isaac Gibbard Alumnus of Genessee College Honorary Master of Arts Rev. Charles K. Vickers Rev Albert Ethridge Rev. George S. Hare Charles H. Stocking D.D. Rev. John Lanahan Baltimore Conf L.L.D John Ericsson Respectfully submitted Joseph Cummings [\page] 1862-1863 (290) Report of the President of the Wesleyan University to the Joint Board of Trustees and Visitors for the year ending July 16th 1863 In reviewing the past year it is becoming that we should acknowledge with gratitude the goodness of God as manifested in the prosperity the Institution has enjoyed under so trying circumstances. The Literary and other exercises have been continued without interruption and the amount accomplished will compare favorably with the results of previous years. The number of students enrolled is One Hundred and Fifty. Of these 114 are professed pious and thirty five are Licensed Preachers; several others intend to devote themselves to the work of the ministry. The present Graduating Class (291) numbers twenty six. As is usual a number who entered with the class have failed to complete the Course. The rigidness of the college requirements with reference to study and examinations has contributed to this result. Two promising young men while connected with this class Mr. James A. Church and Henry A. Buttrick died. The Merit Roll of the college indicates that the scholarship of this class is high. Board of Instruction Vacancies Prof A. C. Foss resigns at the close of the year his professorship. I take pleasure in bearing testimony to his many excellent qualities as an Instructor and would suggest that a Committee should be appointed to respond to his letter of Resignation. (292) By the rules of the Board the Department of Mathematics and Astronomy becomes vacant. I take pleasure in announcing that the gentleman who has so ably filled this chair is a candidate for reelection. I would repeat the suggestion made last year with reference to the vacancy in the Presidency, that a committee should be appointed with reference to this vacancy to report relative to the manner in which the duties of the Department have been discharged. I am fully persuaded that the rule that limits to five years the period each professor holds his office is a most excellent one and that the advantages it confers should be highly regarded. No good officer can object to a review of his course and the rule affords a very ready and efficient method of removing an inefficient officer. Our end in attention to the subject in circumstances like the present (293) where no difficulty exists, and the efficiency and value of the labors of the officer are well understood, will render the rule less offensive when it may be desirable not to reelect an officer who has failed to secure the confidence of the Corporation and other friends of the Institution. [\page] 1862-1863 44 I take great pleasure in reminding the Board of a fact now widely known that through the liberality of Oliver Cutts(?) Esq / new Rochelle N.Y. provision has been made that will enable the Board to fill the Depart.ment that has been several years vacant. It is hoped that this instance of noble generosity on the part of Mr. Cutts will stimulate many others to aid in securing a complete and permanent Endowment of the University. In view of the wants of the Institution it is recommended that (294) that (sic) a change should be made in the Departments and that those to which new men shall be elected should be arranged as follows 1. Rhetoric, English Literature and Hebrew 2. Greek, Latin and Modern Languages This arrangement will allow these Departments to be readily divided when the friends of the University may allow an increase of Professorships. I deem it important that the Modern Languages should be placed in charge of an Officer more immediately connected with the Institution. I strongly urge that the present arrangement relative to instruction in Elocution should be continued. Mr. Hibbard's instruction has been of great value and he is successful and popular. The proposed arrangement connects with the office of Presidency considerable labor in instruction in addition to its duties as stated at the time I assumed the office. This labor I will dutifully perform so long as the services of an Elocutionist are secured. I could wish that arrangement might be authorized that would connect with the regular course of study a greater amount of instruction in Elocution. At present a large number of students at their own expense receive from the Instructor extra lessons. As soon as the funds of the University will permit I would earnestly recommend that an officer should be elected who shall occupy rooms in the college buildings and preserve order and perform sundry duties now connected with other Departments. It is not expedient that the attention of the President should be so much occupied as is now necessary in preserving order (296) and performing various duties which could be as well performed by a junior officer. I think it evident that his time could be used so as to secure greater advantages to the Institution than now he secures. Many details that should not be neglected but which are peculiarly annoying and embarrassing are now connected with the office. The names of benefactors of the Institution to be connected with the Professorships Two Professorships now bear the names of men honored in the land and beloved in the church, Fisk and Hedding. I think it would [\page] 1862-1863 45 be well to connect the names of liberal benefactors of the Institution with other Professorships. The gentleman who has given the largest sum to the Institution, a donation the influence of which at the time it was given it would be difficult to estimate, is a member of the (297) Board. It seems eminently fitting that his name should be connected with a Professorship. I therefore suggest that one of the existing Professorships be called the Rich Professorship in recognition of the gift of Isaac Rich Esq. The fear of displeasing him is the only reason I have not made this suggestion before. I would also suggest that as soon as any definite arrangement shall be made that another Professorship should be called the Cutts Professorship in recognition of the generosity of Alvin [Oliver] Cutts Esq. Neither of these gentlemen has made any suggestion of this kind and perhaps would not approve of it but such a recognition of generous donations is not only due these gentlemen but in many respects will and usual in other institutions but it will aid the interests of the institution in its influence on others. (298) Salaries The inquiries made in order to be prepared to seek nominations for he vacant Professorships has impressed me with the importance of increasing the salaries of the Professors. It is probable that most if not all the men who would be selected for these positions would make a pecuniary sacrifice in accepting them. This is certainly the case with the two gentlemen who have been selected. The expenses of faithful Professors are necessarily larger than they would be in other positions. Before the change in the financial conditions of the country, they were inadequate and it must be evident that at present they are not a fair remuneration for their labor. I hope it will be distinctly understood that in pleading for my associates I ask nothing for myself but I respectfully (299) suggest that the salaries of the Professors should be made Fifteen Hundred Dollars. I think the policy of the Institution should be to pay the officers liberally and thus to hold them to a rigid account for the discharge of their duties. New Professorships It is to be hoped that the wishes of the Alumni and the friends of the Institution generally that the number of Professorships may soon be increased. This is necessary to meet the wants of the church and place its Institution fairly in competition with other colleges. The present is in many respects a peculiarly favorable time for an effort to w~n the funds requisite for this purpose. Notwithstanding the national trials and perils it is probable that there is more readiness than usual with wealthy men (300) to give property to worthy and noble objects. The uncertainty relative to property is an incentive to this. They feel the importance of doing good while they have the means and opportunity. At the present time there is no competing interest in our patronizing territory. Many gratifying expressions of confidence in the Insti- [\page] 1862-1863 46 tution were made in the resolutions of the Patronizing Conferences at their last sessions. I would call special attention to the resolution in this respect on the part of the conferences in New England and New York. Very many friends in both sections of the country are very desirous that a strong effort should be made to secure an ample endowment. I think the general sentiment now is that it far (sic) more important to secure one (301) large well endowed institution than several feeble ones. In the present state of Christian courtesy and union among Christians no denomination can attract to its Colleges its own young men unless they compare favorably in all respects with other colleges. The comparison in respect to endowment, Library and other facilities for instruction between this and other Institutions is not to our credit or for our interest as a Denomination. I respectfully ask that this subject should be referred to a committee who shall consider the expediency of employing an agent or using other means to increase the endowment. I feel confident that a Professorship might be endowed in New York and there is encouragement to think that another Professorship may be endowed by the Alumni. It is important to take correct and decided action on this subject. It is probable that additional Professorships might be endowed in other sections of the patronizing territory. New Buildings The pressing wants of the University with reference to additional Buildings I have presented in my previous Reports. The necessity for these Buildings is now greater than heretofore. I wish simply to call attention to the subject that it may be impressed on the minds of the Board both here and elsewhere. We had hoped that one if not two new Buildings would have been secured before this time. We are still confident ere long the means will be furnished for this object. We need a Library Building, an Astronomical Observatory with appropriate instruments, a Building containing larger and better Recitation Rooms and better accomodations for the Department of Natural Sciences. I beg the indulgence of the Board to permit me to call their attention to the need of a Gymnasium. This subject was presented to their notice last year but no action was taken with reference to it. Much attention is now given by colleges to physical culture and the health of the students. Several costly gymnasiums have recently been erected and earnest inquiries are made by our students and their friends when such accomodations may be expected here. A gymnasium that would meet our present wants would not cost a large sum, perhaps $1500 it (sic) might be erected for a less sum than this. We hope some liberal friend of the University will be induced to [\page] 1862-1863 47 furnish the requisite sum. Finances The Report of the Treasurer will inform the Board of the state of the finances of the University. I have frequently called the attention of the Board that (sic) the statement of property is only nominally correct. I have nothing to add to the suggestions heretofore made. During the year some oustanding claims have been collected. One Note of $2500 has been paid. Also a subscription of $i000 and some smaller notes have been collected. Some outstanding notes Ithink should be placed in the hands of a judicious attorney for collection. Library --Cabinet of Minerals During the year the Library has been rearranged and the books have been placed in Departments in accordance with a regular plan of classification. A great improvement has been made in the Library in all respects. A catalogue after the most approved method has been commenced and is far advanced towards completion. This catalogue will supersede for the present the necessity of a printed one. The Librarian has devoted much attention to the subject and has performed the work with great faithfulness and skill. The Cabinet of Minerals has been removed to convenient rooms and are rendered much more (306) available than heretofore for the purpose of instruction. Repairs It is not probable that so large an expenditure will be needed for repairs during the coming year. Some rooms in the college building, the roof of the chapel, and perhaps the roof of the Boarding Hall will need repairs. It is not probable that so extensive Repairs as have annually been made during a few years past will be needed for many years to come. [\page] 1862-1863 48 (307) Candidates for Degrees It is recommended that the Degree of Bachelor of Arts should be conferred on the following gentlemen members of the Graduating Class: (list) It is recommended that the Graduates of Troy University should here receive the same degrees conferred by that Institution. Benjamin Franklin Leggett and Thomas Shires Wiles received the degree of Bachelor of Sciences and are recommended for the same (308) Elam Smalley Phaedon Clapp Henry Norris Copp James Clarke Watcon Coxe Albert Danker Jr David Westin Gates Gilbert Holmes Gregory George Alonzo Hall Charles Swartz Harrower Phineas Rice Hawxhurst James Stephen Lemon and George Wingate received the degree of Bachelor of Arts and are recommended for the same. The following gentlemen are recommended for the degree of Master of Arts in course: Bennett Tyler Abbott Wilbur Fisk Burns Edson Willys Burr George Clark Andrew K. Crawford James T. Edwards (309) Herbert F. Fisk Daniel Foster Hallock George J. Judkins Melvin Dwain Kinney John Brown Lapham Ichabod Simmons Henry Moore Simpson Samuel Martin Stiles Charles Nelson Stowers Sylvester Emory Strong Byron Dormer Sturdevant Sanford Benton Sweetser Webster Rogers Walkley William Harteshorne Wardell [\page] 1862-1863 49 John Gollicar Williams Samuel Augustus Winsor Sylvanus Gale Gale William A. Reynolds class '58 QuincyJohnson Collin of the class of '57 George Edwin King of class of '58 (3i0) Candidates for the Honorary Degree of Master of Arts Rev. Wilbur F. Watkins Rev. JamesB. Crawford Rev. Adam C Works Rev. Lucius D. Davis Lucian Hunt The following gentlemen are recommended for the Degree of Doctor of Divinity Rev. Bostwick Cawley Rev. John W. Lindsay Rev. Lorenzo R. Thayer Rev. Oren B. Cheney It is recommended that the degree of L.L.D. should be conferred on Enoch L. Foucher Respectfully submitted Joseph Cummings [\page] 1863-64 50 Report of the President of the Wesleyan University to the JointBoard of Trustees and Visitors for the year ending July 21st 1864 Through the continued goodness of God we are enabled to represent the past year as one of prosperity. The usual exercises have been continued without interruption. The number of students enrolled is One Hundred Thirty Three. Of these 113 are professed pious and 35 are licensed preachers. The present graduating class numbers Twenty three. There have been connected with the class 49 members. Two while connected with the class, Mr. Asbury Caldwell and Mr. Waldo F. Vinal have died. The Merit Roll indicates that the scholarship of this class is high. As two professors were elected at the last session of the Board I take great pleasure in stating that they have discharged their duties in an able and faithful manner. They are highly respected by the students and have greatly added to the strength (312) and influence of the Faculty. I judge it proper for me to state in this connection with reference to my association with the Faculty that the various Departments are filled by able men who are giving earnest attention to their appropriate works. I am confident that much may be expected from their industry ability and scholarship. In thoroughness of scholarship in the good order and moral character of its students and in all the essentials of a good college so far as relates to instruction the Wesleyan University needs no apology from its friends nor need it suffer in comparison with the best colleges in the country. Our course of study is sufficiently extensive and varied. The prominence given to Modern Languages and to Hebrew offers peculiar advantages to different classes of students. In no college is there more and in few colleges is there as much work accomplished as in this. There are two serious and embarrassing difficulties with which (313) the college is called to contend. A large number of our students come to us poorly prepared notwithstanding our published notices relative to the conditions for admission and the increased rigidness of the examinations. There is a prevalent opinion that students are regularly admitted who have not completed the prescribed studies. More than half of 'the students admitted this year were conditional. The burden thus imposed from the nature of the case they are poorly prepared to bear. Many become discouraged and abandon a college course and others are embarrassed through the whole college course and fail to do the full credit to themselves and to the college which under other circumstances would be manifest. 2 The other evil to which I allude is the absence of many students during a large part of their college course. This results from their poverty that compels them to seek the means of meeting their necessary expenses and perhaps under present circumstances there is no remedy but the absence is an evil that interferes (314) ruinously with that high standard of scholarship which it is the purpose of the Faculty to maintain. Olin professorship - Gymnasium [\page] 1863-1864 51 I take pleasure in stating that the condition requiring a valid subscription of $2000 for a Gymnasium on which the Endowment of the Olin Professorship was promised has been fully met by a subscription of $3538 exceeding the sum required by $1538. The legal obligation for the proposed endowment of $2500 was promptly given and the interest on the sum has been duly paid. A beautiful and well furnished Gymnasium has ben erected, the cost of which owing to the increasing price of materials and labor after the plan of the building was formed has slightly exceeded the subscription but the charge paid for the use of the gymnasium will not only meet this debt but constitute a source of income to the Institution. (315) Library Fund & Building Among the most important measures originated in behalf of the University last year, must be reckoned the proposition of the Alumni to raise a Library Fund of $2500. Subscriptions received amount to about $6500. There were two generous subscriptions of $1000 each. Many of the subscriptions were made with much sacrifice and indicated an earnest interest in behalf of the University more valuable than merely large donations. It was provided that when the Fund should amount to $10,000 the interest should be available for Library purposes. This measure of the Alumni as thus presented would be worthy of the hearty cooperation of the Joint Board, but lately a new and increased interest has been given the subject. Isaac Rich Esq in addition to the princely gift of $4500 besides sundry smaller donations bestowed at various times has promised to erect a suitable Library and Lecture Building as soon as the Library Fund of $2500 shall be found or satisfactorily secured. (316) When Mr. Rich promises to erect a suitable building to correspond to the library Fund no questions must be asked as to its character cost or style. There is a sufficient guarantee that it will be all the friends of the Institution would desire. I wish to call special attention to this generous and noble offer in order that the Joint Board may make a suitable acknowledgement and that measures may be devised to aid the Alumni who cannot reasonably be expected to raise the needed amount from their own numbers. I think an agent should be employed who shall act under the authority of the Alumni and the Joint Board. I presume a communication will be received from the Alumni that may indicate their view relative to the proper course to be pursued. It is important that prompt and energetic measures should be used to secure this Fund. It is not now an unfavorable time (317) to secure funds for worthy objects but what fearful changes in commercial affairs may soon take place no one can foretell. (318) Additional Professorships New Buildings - Astronomical Observatory and a suitable location for it Allow me again to present the wants of the University not so much with the expectation that they will be immediately met but with the hope that through the influence of the Board they will be kept before the friends of education in the church and [\page] 1863-1864 52 thus secure attention. Several new Professorships are needed. Should the number of students so far increase that a division of the classes would be necessary, the Board of Instructors is not sufficiently large to give the requisite instruction. Several Departments have studies assigned them that do not properly belong to them and it is to be hoped that some of the duties and the drudgery now connected with the President's office may be removed. I do not complain of the amount of work but of the (319) kind of work. I am confident that the same amount of labor expended in a different manner would secure a much greater benefit. Many of my present duties are not properly connected with my office and their performance is not pleasing to me nor is it in many respects profitable to the Institution. New Buildings are needed in addition to the Library Building which we hope soon to secure. A building is needed for the better accomodation of the various Departments of Natural Science and a building for the Department of Astronomy. An Astronomical Observatory furnished with suitable instruments is greatly needed. In this connection I wish to urge the securing of the only lot of land suitable for such a building that is near us and unoccupied. It is important to secure the land even if the building should not be erected for several rears. I would (320) respectfully suggest that a committee should be appointed to inspect the lot and report relative to the importance of discussing measures to secure it. Finances The Financial Exhibit of the Treasurer will present the state of the Funds during the year. A large sum has been collected. The Providence Conference has transferred the funds held in trust for the University amounting to $9474.59 The Maine conference has also transferred 695.37. The only Conference now holding Funds belonging to the University is the New York Conference which holds $7918.17. The N.Y. Conf. fund has diminished somewhat and the income has decreased. I have respectfully suggested that it is desirable on many accounts that these funds also should be transferred. The conference would be relieved of (321) responsibility and the income of the University would be increased by the change. The Estimate of Property has been diminished by the omission from the published Exhibit of Finances (of) several thousands of dollars which for years have been of merely nominal value. I have frequently called the attention of the Joint Board to these funds that yield no income and urged that measures should be adopted that would secure collection of all that has any value. It is probable now that no measures within our reach will secure any considerable amount. Several thousands of dollars are now enumerated in the Estimate of Property that are in my Judgement of merely nominal value. (323) Candidates for Degrees It is recommended that the Degree of Bachelor of Arts should be conferred on the following gentlemen members of the Graduating Class (list) The following gentlemen are recommended for the Degree of [\page] 1863-1864 53 Master of Arts in (?) course Edgar Hiram (?) Bancroft John Wesley Barnhart William Dawson Bridge(?) Edgar Hendrick (?) Clark Boswell Pergeant (?) Douglas Francis Daniel Edgerton John Storry Breckenridge Christopher Page H(?) Benjamin Sherwood Gurnee Willbur Fisk Jonston Kelsey Frank Currier Morn Wilbur Fisk Osborne Hubbard Burton ? Aaron Rittenhouse T George Whitaker Nathan Willis Wilder Richard Harmon Williams William Henry lee of the class of 1860 It is recommended that the Degree of Master of Arts also be conferred on Frederick William C? a graduate of Union College and on George Lansing Taylor a graduate of Columbia College. It is recommended that the Honorary Degree of Master of Arts should be conferred on Rev. Benjamin F. Cocker Rev. Lorenso White Rev. Charles A. Smith. It is recommended that the Degree cf Doctor of Divinity should be conferred on Rev. Robert Allyn Rev. Garrett? Wiley Rev. Russell? Mason Respectfully submitted Joseph Cummings President [\page] 1864-1865 54 Report of the President of the Wesleyan University to the Joint Board of Trustees and Visitors for the year ending July 20th 1865 The number of students connected with the University the past year is 114. Of them 99 are professed pious and 38 are Licensed Preachers. The present Graduating Class numbers 35. There have been connected with this class 63 members. Five of these have died of whom four died in the army. Of the whole number one left to enter another college and three from other colleges joined the class. The difficulties of poor preparation and irregular attendance mentioned in my last Report have been manifest during the past year. Of 30 students admitted to the Freshman class 25 were admitted subject to conditions. It is hoped that our standard of qualifications for admission will be more carefully regarded. These conditions form a serious and discourag-(326) ing burden and often prove the occasion of much annoyance to the Government and the students. Many become discouraged and abandon the purpose to secure a college education. Very few of our students ever leave for any other cause. To some extent an incorrect and injurous impression has been made that students are admitted to the regular college course with less than the usual qualifications. The fact already stated relative to the number conditioned should correct this impression. We think few colleges are as exact in requiring compliance with the conditions for admission. Perhaps it might be better if less leniency and indulgence were shown and more students were rejected instead of being admitted subject to ( ) conditions which they are so poorly prepared to fulfil. (327) There is a peculiarity in this institution in the arrangement made for the admission of students and their advancement. They are not as rigidly confined to the regular college classes as in other colleges. Students are admitted as they may be found qualified to the several departments and are advanced in the same way. Thus students may be admitted to two departments but not to the a third till the preparatory studies for that department shall be completed, and often being fully admitted may be members of two classes at the same time. This course is a great convenience to many students but causes trouble and care to the government. We think an earnest effort should be made to awaken a deeper interest in our colleges. However it may be in other respects the denominational spirit has declined with (328) reference to them. Once it was considered as a matter of course for Methodist families to send their sons to Methodist colleges, but now denominational considerations are overlooked and the selection of a college is made on other grounds. Many suppose that better higher educational and social advantages will be secured in the older and better endowed institutions. These impressions have been strengthened by articles that have recently appeared in influential periodicals making disparaging unjust and unfounded [\page] 1864-1865 55 statements relative to our institutions. These opinions should be counteracted and young men should be led to understand that they make no sacrifice in attending our institutions. Not only are their advantages with reference to economical considerations and moral influence apparent, but they present (329) as good an opportunity for a high standard of scholarship as others and they open before their graduates a wider field for usefulness and influence than is elsewhere presented. When a student graduates from a college under the patronage of a denomination different from that to which he belongs he will generally find it necessary to sacrifice either his denominational connection or his literary associations. The success of the Alumni of this Institution is a strong argument in favor of Methodist colleges. It is an encouraging sign that the officers of some of our Academies have recently made more decided and successful efforts to turn the attention of students to our colleges and to correct the prevailing errors relative to them. It is to be hoped that the friends of our institutions will ably second their efforts. (330) The Professorship of Natural Science Vacant By the rules of the Joint Board the Fisk Professorship of Natural Science becomes vacant at this meeting. The Professor who has so ably filled that Department is by the rules a candidate for reelection. I suggest that a committee be appointed in accordance with past usage to consider this subject. Western Lands By vote of the Trustees I was empowered and requested to go to the West to collect funds due the University and to discharge a mortgage on lands in Illinois and also to go to Wisconsin and examine lands belonging to the Institution and to sell them if in my judgement it should be expedient. I have given the subject much attention but have not deemed it expedient to incur the expense of the contemplated visit. (331) I have been able through a reliable agent to settle satisfactorily and at a slight expense the business in Illinois and by correspondence have become satisfied that but little good would result from a visit to the lands in Wisconsin. I secured the service of experienced land agents and have obtained from them a statement relative to the condition, value and prospect of sale of these lands. I am satisfied that he lands are of an uncertain value and that it will be extremely difficult to effect a sale for any considerable portion of what has been supposed to be their value. The most valuable [\page] 1864-1865 56 lands are covered with timber which is exposed to lawless plunder. In the meantime taxes are high and the prospect of an increase of value very doubtful. Th vast tracts of land recently opened in the South to enterprising emigrants must seriously affect (332) the value of unoccupied Western lands. The University owns a tract of five Hundred acres of land in Fentress Co. Tennessee. As communication with this state was interrupted during the War no information on this property has been received for several years. Immediate attention should be given to the subject to see that the title is properly recognized and that the benefit or value of the property is secured. Library Fund & Building I regret that I am not able to report as I has hoped to be able to do that (the) Library Fund is completed. The Committee to whom the subject was last year referred found great difficulty in securing a suitable agent. After some persuasion Rev. Wm. C. Hoyt of the N.Y. East Conf. undertook the agency and secured New York and vicinity subscriptions amounting to $4700. (333) Mr Edward Athison (?) of the N.E. Conf. has been quite recently appointed and no report has of yet been received from him. The fund though nominally greater cannot be considered as amounting to more than $1500. At least $10,000 more must be secure before we can expect the Library Building. We trust the generous friend of the Institution who made conditionally the noble offer of the Library Building will still have patience and not withdraw the offer. It is certainly a source of mortification and reproach that this Fund has not been completed. Additional Funds In this connection allow me to urgently press on your attention the importance of securing a large increase of the endowment funds. The interest and honor of our church require that this institution should not suffer in a comparison of its resources with others. It is greatly (334) indebted to a few friends for a large increase to its resources but so much more rapidly have the funds of other colleges increased that urgent efforts are still needed to prevent that mortification, decline of influence and other serious disadvantages that manifest inferiority will cause. The church is abundantly able to richly endow her literary institutions and could the requisite degree of interest be awakened in the minds of wealthy men this good work would speedily be accomplished. There is no opposition and local feeling, ever an embarrassment, is not the present obstacle. [\page] 1864-1865 57 It is painfully evident that there is a want of interest in the cause of education and that there is no adequate realization of the importance of colleges in their connection with the best interests of the church and the means of meeting her great responsibilities. More should be done to diffuse (335) information and awaken a more general and lively interest in education. I would recommend that a Committee should be appointed who shall have power to engage the services of a skillful financial agent. In order to save expense it would be desirable that he should have other business provided he should be able to keep the interests of the University in mind and be able to give them a suitable degree of attention. The Centenary Fund This discussion of this general subject leads me to urge most earnestly that measures should be devised to secure a share of the Centenary Fund. As the general fund has been appropriated to theological education it will seem highly appropriate that our patronizing conferences should devote a large share of the local funds to the University. I would suggest that this subject should be referred to an able Committee who may devise the most effective means (336) for securing the attention of the Conferences to this subject. It will probably be desirable to secure the appointment of committees within the bounds of each patronizing conference who shall have in charge the interests of the University. Portraits of Bishop Hedding and Isaac Rich Esq During the past year the Portrait of Bishop Hedding which by the terms of his Will should be given to the Wesleyan University after the death of Mrs. Hedding, has been received. It is suggested that a committee should be appointed (337) to prepare a suitable acknowledgement of this gift and that their Report should be entered into the minutes of the Board. It is very desirable that Portraits of other liberal benefactors of the Institution and also of other eminent men connected with it should be secured. The University does not own-any Portraits of Fisk Olin Bangs or Smith. Of the first three there are original Portraits from which copies may be obtained but it is probable that there is no suitable portrait of Dr. Smith in existence. It is to be hoped that either through the agency of friends or through the action of the Joint Board these Portraits may soon be secured. In the new building which we trust will soon be erected there should be arrangement made for Portraits and other sorts of art. [\page] 1864-1865 58 (338) Astronomical Observatory I deem i my duty to again call the attention of the Board to the importance of securing possession of the only lot of land in the vicinity suitable for an Astronomical Observatory. I do this not so much with the expectation that the land will be purchased with the University funds as that some friend of the Institution may become interested and secure it to the University. A Committee was appointed on this subject last year but no Report was made. It would be well to appoint a similar Committee this year. Special Appropriation to the Professors It will be noticed that the income of the University exceeds the expenses by $1935.70. (339) The excess of income last year was $902.80 making for the two years $2838.50. The causes that have produced this increased income are temporary. It is not probable that the funds invested will yield as large an income hereafter. With some hesitation I would suggest in view of the greatly increased expenses of living during the past two years I would suggest that a special appropriation of Two Hundred Dollars should be made to each of the Professors. I do not ask anything for myself. The reasons that have contributed to increase the income of the Institution have rendered salaries practically of less value. Of course this special appropriation will not be understood as a permanent increase of salaries. (340) Candidates for Degrees The President and Faculty recommend that the Degree of Bachelor of Arts should be conferred on the following gentlemen members of the Graduating Class. (list) The following gentlemen are recommended for the Degree of Master of Arts in Course. Andrew Purdy Aiken William Ranney Baldwin Henry Ward Bennett Henry Martin Blake John Merrill Caldwell Henry Lester Dickenson (341) George Allen England Ezra Hall Hall James Marcus King Enos Young Landis [\page] 1864-1865 59 Charles T. Reed Philip Bessom Shumway Smith Williams James Clarke W. Coxe David Weston Gates Gilbert Holmes Gregory Charles Schwartz Harrower Phineas Rice Hawxhurst James Stephen Lemon George Wingate George H. Whitney class of 1858 It is recommended that the Honorary Degree of Master of Arts should be conferred on Rev George Prentice. (342 ) It is recommended that the Degree of Doctor of Divinity should be conferred on Rev Ludwig S. Jacoby Respectfully Submitted Joseph Cummings Pres of Wes University [\page] 1865-1866 60 Report of the President of the Wesleyan University to the Joint Board of Trustees and Visitors for the year ending July 19th 1866 It is my duty to announce to the Board the death of one of its honored members Augustus William Smith L.L.D. late a member of the Board of Instruction of the Naval Academy of the U.S. His many and eminent virtues as a man, his superior abilities as an instructor and his long connection with the University render it specially appropriate that the Board should take notice of his death. I advise that a Committee should be appointed to prepare a suitable minute to be entered on the records of the Board. I would also take the liberty to suggest that if a Portrait of Dr. Smith could be procured for the University it would be a great gratification to the (344) Alumni and to his many friends. The past year has been remarkable for good order. No previous year of the present administration has in this respect equaled it. The whole number of students recorded is 123 of whom 110 are professedly pious and 30 are Licensed Preachers. There was a very gracious and powerful revival of religion during the Winter Term. Nearly all the students in college participated in its benefits, and we believe that its effects will be long manifest in that power which sanctified learning will ever exert. Our Graduating Class is small numbering 16. It followed the largest class that ever entered this institution. This is one reason why it is not larger and it has been much affected by the excitement and stirring incidents of the times. (345) The Average Scholarship of the class is unusually high as of all connected with it an unusual number of the best scholars have remained. From rumors and indications it is probable that (an)unusually large class will enter this coming year. As the Funds of the Institution will not permit the employment of the requisite number of teachers for the division of our classes we have more reason to dead the difficulty a large class would bring than the mortification of a small one. Faculty As a Faculty we have been unusually afflicted the past year Dr. Johnston's health failed early in the past year. For awhile he was dangerously sick and there was little expectation that he would recover but through the interposition of Divine Providence he as been partially restored. He has been able to teach only (346) a part of a Term. We have by hearing a part of his classes and by substitutions and other means made the best arrangements that occurred to us. I [\page] 1865-1866 61 have promised the class that good provision shall be made for them this year, and desire the requisite authority from the Board to redeem this promise. The time has finally come where an additional Professor should be elected to the Department of Natural Science. The Faculty unanimously urge this on the attention of the Joint Board. I am prepared to present a nomination whenever the Board will be pleased to receive it. Other officers have been afflicted. Early in the year Prof. Van Benschoten met with a very serous accident which has affected his health and constituted a serious embarrassment. He has man-(347) aged with commendable zeal to discharge the duties of his office. Still further the wife of the of the professor (sic) of Mathematics has been and still is seriously sick. Under these circumstances we are thankful we have succeeded so well. Professor Harrington's Professorship Vacant Professor Harrington has served as a professor five years and by the rules of the Board his office is vacant. He is a worthy man a good scholar and an able teacher. It has been the custom of the Board to appoint a Committee in similar cases. Whereas in this case there can be no necessity for such a Committee the precident will be very convenient should a case arise that require careful investigation. (348) Special Appropriation to the Faculty I deem it my duty, encouraged by the liberality of the Board last year to request that a special appropriation should be made to to(sic) the professors this year. The same causes that led to this last year exist now. They have all found their salaries inadequate to their support. While I do not urge any personal claims I respectfully and urgently ask that to each Professor an appropriation of $300 be made and to Mr Hibbard $100. Library Fund & Library Building The subscriptions to the Library Fund of $2500 were completed at last Commencement As soon after the commencement of the Fall Term as practicable I commenced collecting this Fund. This has been a work of much difficulty and delicacy. Some of the Subscriptions were (349) generously given by those stated they were merely assumed. Of course we could not urge their collection. Some had given notes running two or three years from the last Commencement. I sent a letter signed by myself and the Treasurer to all who had not paid their subscriptions and wrote to many several times. By a persistence that I fear was oft offensive the $2000 of the Fund was collected about the first of April. C.C. North Esq had already informed us that he would advance last $5000 and trust to the unpaid subscriptions for remuneration. On being notified of the state of the Fund he immediately sent his check for $1000 generously paying in addition to what he had given $1000 that he had assumed at Commencement. The amount due Mr. North is now $1000 and interest the amount advanced. To meet this $1000 we have in notes and subscriptions (350) about $3700. Of this amount a part must be considered as worthless [\page] 1865-1866 62 or nearly so. The thanks of the Board and of the friends of the Institution are due Mr North for his generosity and his efforts in behalf of this cause. Mr. Edward Atkinson(?) gave much time and rendered essential service to this cause for which he would accept no compensation. Rev. C.D. Foss and Rev. W.F. Mallalieu assumed subscriptions in behalf of the churches of which they were respectively pastors and collected the full amount assured. Rev. W.C. Hoyt acted as agent successfully assumed a large amount and showed much interest in the cause. Library Building As soon as possible after the Fund was secured arrangements were made for commencing the Library Building. Greater difficulty was found here than had (351) been anticipated. Correspondence developed the fact that there were few Library buildings that gave satisfaction and some that cost a large sum of money and were built under most favorable circumstances were pronounced failures. ( Two?) Styles of Building Astor(?) Boston City Yale These have dark Alcoves Advantages Disadvantages Exhibit our plans and state advantages. Our experiments I think it will be found we have a good Library. In my correspondence I found other men having similar respon-(352) sibility who had months at their disposal with liberty to travel and study other buildings. Such privileges would be very convenient but I am confident we have a good design. I have given all the effort practicable to secure a contract. It is doubtless a disappointment to many that the Corner Stone cannot be laid with appropriate ceremonies this week but a due regard for the donor of the building and the interests of the Institution would not permit such an arrangement. The University and the Centenary Year Last year I earnestly recommended that an agent should be appointed to attend to the interests of the University in connection with the Centenary Year but the Board did not concur and gave no power for the appointment of such an agent. Could the right man be found I think he should be appointed now [\page] 1865-1866 63 (353) I have done what I could for this course. I made arrangements to secure visits to an unusually large number of Conferences and secured from them resolutions very favorable to the University. I have written many letters and sent out a large number of circulars and have [made] arrangements to send out thousands of additional circulars. I have received several letters asking what we are doing and intimating it would b well for us to be in earnest and active. I am sorry no more has been done but it has been an unusually severe year. Instead of the relief that was implied in the resolutions of the Board last year my labor has ben much more severe than usual. In addition to the regular duties of my office and Department I have prepared the Annual Catalogue . This is but a small matter but I have also prepared the General Catalogue which has (354) been a matter of great labor involving a heavy correspondence and much labor in its arrangement. I felt bound to attend to the Library Fund and the Library Building. I fear there is no special interest for the University. There is enough of that passive interest that manifests itself in good resolutions and wishes and then gives the money to other objects. I have felt pained and mortified when I have read of the zeal manifested in behalf of Western colleges and of the large donations to their endowment. Our number of Patronizing Conferences is so large that the interest has too much diffused and but little responsibility is felt in any one section. Yet it is evident that the chief support of the University must come from the territory immediately around it. The strength and prosperity of the college is another reason for a want of sympathy. (355) The church at large has one very little for this Institution lately. Of the $130,000 secured in the five past years $100,000 were given by three men. I most earnestly urge the claims of the University on the attention of the Board and hope that in their wisdom they will devise means for securing a due share of the Centenary Fund. The existence of the Institution is now secure but a large endowment is needed to meet the demands of the age and to successfully compete with other colleges. I think it may be safely affirmed that no church interest has stronger claim and that money can be no where bestowed so as to secure greater good than if given to this cause of religious education. Memorial Chapel Especial attention is requested to the Memorial Chapel. The fact the room in which we are assembled is the only room for public meetings is a sufficient indication of our need of a Chapel. It is becoming that there should be a Memorial of the brave men of our Alumni and students who went forth and generously sacrificed their lives in the cause of our country. Other colleges have adopted similar measures but no one of them has a nobler and better record than the Wesleyan University. [\page] 1865-1866 64 Mr. G.C. Round of the present Graduating Class has with great pains and labor prepared our Roll of Honor. When the Library and Memorial Chapel shall be erected a new appearance will be given to our grounds. The Observatory and Boarding Hall Th improvements contemplated will necessitate the removal of the present Observatory and other provision must be made. The Building known as the Boarding Hall must be repaired and I take advantage of these two facts to renew a suggestion made several years ago (357) that a tower should be built in front of the Boarding Hall and on the top of it the Astronomical Observatory should be placed. The objections which were made at the time this proposition was made I did not then regard as sound. I find that arrangements almost precisely similar have been made at the Yale Scientific School. I would respectfully ask that authority should be given to repair the building by shingling the roof adding a proper cornice and that a proper tower should be built for of the kind and for the purposes indicated. The Square and the Hill West of Mt. Vernon St. I renew the suggestion that it is very desirable that the whole square containing the college property and the Hill lying West of the College Cemetery should belong to the College. The time will come when this property must be secured but the prosperity (358) and security of the college will then enable the owners to ask an enormous price. While I do not advise the appropriation of any part of the college funds for this purpose I hope some generous patron will find the way to secure this property to the Institution. Summerfield Library Mr. Blackstock's account Read his letters Mrs. Fisk who procured the Library and whose recollection of events is very distinct is positive that in her presence nothing was said about the Portrait and nothing about a new Library. All that was promised was that the books should be kept together and (359) named the "Summerfield Library". It is not probable that Dr. Fisk made any engagements for the fulfillment of which he did not provide. On the other hand we are bound to believe Mr. Blackstock sincere and as he is now a very old man it is probable that his ideas are somewhat confused in reporting a conversation that occurred many years ago. It would be a fair arrangement I think to put the Summerfield Books together in the Theological Alcove and name this Alcove which will have about 1500 volumes the Summerfield Library. [\page] 1865-1866 65 The whole number of books involved is 375 many some are of little value and nearly all were received in a poor condition as to binding. A Portrait would cost more than all these books are worth. Endowment I again urge and would it were in my power to urge it effectively the necessity of an increase to the Endowment. As it is probable that we must depend on the liberal few for an increase of means it is important that in making permanent additions to the Corporation men of the right kind of influence should be selected and men who will take a deep interest in the welfare of the Institution and attend the meetings of the Corporation. We have several members who never attend meetings and yet they oft cause great embarrassment in securing a quorum. Liberal men will give where they have interest and have a sense of obligation. And as the increase of the Funds of the Institution will mostly come from those immediately connected with it the fact should be remembered in future elections. (361) We ought to be able to do the full work expected of a University. Now we are only able to attend to that part of the work of a college implied in education. We should in addition connect with the college distinguished scholars who by their learning and writings would bring honor to our church and glory to our land. Other colleges derive a great part of their influence from this source. In the present disturbed state of affairs in Europe many learned men would be glad to form a connection with American colleges. I learn from a recent letter from an acquaintance that such is the case with the distinguished Dr. Maker(?) and it would be well if we could invite such scholars to unite with us but under present circumstances this is not practicable. (362) Candidates for Degrees The President and Faculty recommend that the degree of Bachelor of Arts be conferred on the following gentlemen constituting the Graduating Class. (printed list) The following Gentlemen are recommended for the degree of Master of Arts in course --Ambrose Blunt --W. Dempster Chase --George Walter Cook --Everett Kent Dexter --George L. Edwards (363) --Oliver Haley Fernald --John Hanlon --Charles Dudley Hills [\page] 1865-1866 66 --William Palister Hubbard --Charles Thurston Johnson --Truman H. Kimpton --Melville Morton Johnston --Joseph Pullman --John Clark Round --Moses Lewis Scudder --Isaac Edward Smith --Winfield Scott Smyth --Alexander Chilson Stevens --Freeman Pratt Tower --Alfred Augustus Wright --Daniel Pomeroy Class 56 --Wesley Perry Codington " 60 --Nathaniel Lindsey Briggs " 61 --Cranswick Jost 62 --Nelson Simmons Cobleigh McKend Coll --Luther Tracy Townsend Dart Coll Henry A. Buttz Princeton Coll (ad eund.) George Ingraham Seney NY Univ (364) It is recommended that the Honorary Degree of Master of Arts should be conferred on Henry Oscar Houghton Rev. James M. Freeman Ralph G. Hibbard Rev. Wm H Olin Rev. George T. Perks Rev. Smith H. Platt Joseph Shortlidge It is recommended that the degree of Doctor of Divinity should be confered on Rev. Robert L. Dashiel Rev. Willard Martin Rice Rev. Thomas Jefferson Thompson It is recommended that the Degree of Doctor of Laws should be conferred on Prof James Hadley of Yale College John G. Suxe (?) All of which is respectfully submitted Joseph Cummings [\page] 1867-1868 67 (368) Report of the President of the Wesleyan University to the Joint Board of Trustees and Visitors for the year ending July 16th 1868 The number of students is one Hundred and thirty one of whom one hundred and fourteen are professors of religion and thirty three are Licensed Preachers. The past year has been one of good order, harmony and success in the general management of the Institution. The health of the Officers has been much better than we had reason to anticipate and we have great reason to be thankful to Kind Providence that there has been so little interruption in the regular college work. The Joint Board authorized the employment of an instructor in Dr. Newhall's Department. An earnest effort was made to secure such an officer. It is doubtless apparent to all that it is not easy to secure a suitable man (369) for such a place for a single year. The time allowed was very short. I used my best endeavors to secure such a teacher without success and when the year commenced I was under the necessity of performing the labor or of suffering it to be undone. After several weeks finding that a suitable man might be secured I called the Finance Committee together and made the proposition that if they would permit me to build the Astronomical Observatory as authorized by the Joint Board I would perform the extra work gratuitously thus saving about $1500 to the Institution. This sum will I think be about half the cost of the Observatory. The Committee consented to my proposal. I have done the work as well as practicable under the circumstances. It has been very hard labor much greater than I anticipated as much other work has been required by the (370) new buildings and in collecting the subscriptions due the University, The Astronomical Observatory has been commenced and would have been finished had not unexpected circumstances prevailed. A detailed plan of this building will be given should it be desired. Finding on examining the proposed site that a much better Observatory could be erected than I had expected I was led to abandon for the present the attempt to purchase the lands adjoining the college lands which I have recommended as the only suitable place near us for the future Observatory and at the suggestion of Prof Van Vleck I applied to our good friends Messrs North Hoyt and Baker of New York for permission to use the funds they promised for the purchase of the site designated for the Observatory for the purchase of a new Telescope. They generously authorized an expenditure of $4500 for this purpose. Through the efforts of Prof Van Vleck additional (371) subscriptions have been secured and we have contracted for a twelve inch Telescope to be made by Mr. Clark of Cambridge which will cost $8000. This Telescope will be superior to all in New England except the great Telescope in Harvard College and will be one of the finest instruments in the country. I have great satisfaction that this extra labor has led to so great results. I would now mention another important object that has been secured through the generosity of the friends already named. The lot of land lying West(?) of the college premises and separating them from the street running West from High Street has been presented by these gentlemen to the University. This success is a great encouragement to hope that the time will soon come when all the property included in the same square with the University will be secured to it. [\page] 1867-1868 68 (372) I have frequently urged this subject on the attention of the Board and earnestly desire that the importance of securing more land will be kept in mind. Shurtleff Cabinet During the past year after a long negotiation the Shurtleff Cabinet was secured and removed to the University and placed in the upper gallery of Rich Hall. This cabinet contains about 8000 carefully selected species of shells and 80 000 specimens of shells 650 birds a very large collection of Botanical Specimens about 1000 coins and many other interesting objects. On many accounts this Cabinet is very valuable and there are but few superior collections of Shells in the country. It is richly worth $10,000. The terms of purchase are that the University shall pay $360 annually to Mrs Shurtleff during her life. It is provided that in case of her death before twenty years that the payment shall be continued for that period to her heirs or those by her (373) designated. After the fulfillment of these conditions the property comes unconditionally into the possession of the University. It will be seen that the terms are favorable. The University will pay for a limited term of years the interest on $6000 on property worth $10 000 and then come into full possession. Western Lands During the past year the greater part of the land located in Wisconsin and Tennessee has been sold. It would have been better had this land been sold earlier. I would recommend the sale of all other property of like character. Rich Hall Our new Library Building is now completed soon a few cases will hereafter be occupied. The Library has been hastily transferred to it and will be rearranged during the coming vacation. We believe that this building (374) has given general satisfaction. It will meet the wants of the University for many years. The Income of the present Library Fund will secure in the course of years a very large and we may confidently expect a well selected Library. At present the Shurtleff Cabinet is placed in the second gallery. Before this gallery will be needed for books we are confident that a new and appropriate building for scientific purposes will be erected. Memorial Chapel Earnest efforts have been made to collect the subscriptions for building the Memorial Chapel. There have been collected There is still a large amount not collected and we fear that it is probable that all will not be collected. To meet the expectation of friends and promises made when a large part of the subscriptions were secured it was deemed necessary to commence the erection of the Chapel. Our con-(375)tracts require the building to be enclosed not however including window glass. The building will probably cost about $45000. We hope that additional subscriptions may be received sufficient to finish the building. It is believed that this will be done more [\page] 1867-1868 69 easily after the building shall be enclosed than before it was commenced. It is hoped the Board will approve of a course that has been followed solely because it was deemed best for the University. We need our new buildings not only for the accomodations they will afford but for the impression they will make on the minds of young men seeking a college education. Professor Rice I have received notice that Professor Rice will return from Europe and will be ready to enter in the duties of his Professorship at the beginning of next year. I deem it important that he (376) enter on the duties of his office at once. It would not be wise to commence another year with such arrangements as we have heretofore had. As there is not labor enough in actual instruction of college classes to occupy the time of two men I would suggest that Prof Rice should be appointed Librarian. Under the present circumstances of the college such an officer is indispensible. So far as he is concerned it would be regarded as a temporary arrangement but one that will meet the present wants of the Institution. Vacant Professorships Three Professorships one of Rhetoric and English Literature -- Mathematics and Astronomy -- and the Professorship of Greek Language and Literature become vacant at this time by the expiration of the term for which the Professors are elected. By the rules of the Board Professors Newhall Van Vleck and Van Benschoten (377) are candidates for reelection without any special formality of presentation. It has been usual to appoint a committee to whom the election should be referred. I would suggest that such a Committee should at this time be appointed. The Faculty should be enlarged. The number of officers of Instruction is less than in most if not all the colleges in the Eastern and Middle States and their labor is more severe. This fact is not only unfavorable to the Professors but it operates to the injury of the institution in various other ways. Young men who examine the catalogues of colleges draw unfavorable inferences from our small number of Instructors and judge that the advantages and privileges of the college must be less than are furnished by other colleges. At the present time denomina-(378) tional considerations have only a secondary influence in determining college relations. If we would retain the young men of the church under whose patronage the University is placed we must in respect to advantages the means of instruction and the number of Professors render it equal to other colleges and especially must effort be made to make it equal to those with whom which it is brought in direct competition. Lecturers Several years ago I suggested the importance of making provision to secure the services of distinguished men as special Lecturers. This arrangement would give greater variety to the courses and bring the students acquainted [\page] 1867-1868 70 with men distinguished in various Departments of Science and Literature. (379) Several such Lecturers might be secured at comparatively a small expense. Other colleges are adopting this arrangement and I respectfully again urge it on the attention of the Board. Increase of the Endowment I must earnestly urge on the attention of the Board the importance of taking vigorous means to increase the endowment. The success of the Institution and the amount of its property and the extent of its resources are undoubtedly greater than its most sanguine friends expected when it was opened would be secured in so short a time. During the past ten years about $250,000 have been added to the property of the Institution. This success should inspire courage relative to the future. Such however have been the changes in the increase (380) in the demands made on colleges and the great increase to the endowments of other colleges that the necessities of the Institution and the honor of the church demand that a large increase to the endowment of this Institution should be secured. We think there are liberal men who might be induced to give liberal donations to this good cause. It is important that measures should be taken to bring the Institution prominently before them. I deem i important that at the risk of erring in discussing a subject under present circumstances which should be left to the Trustees I urge that liberal wealthy men should be connected with the Corporation. The most of our recent gifts have come from those long connected with the Institution. It is natural for men to give their means where their responsibility lies. There are members of (381) the Corporation that do not attend its meetings and have ceased to exert any special influence in its favor. If liberal earnest men having funds at their disposal could be secured the interests of the Institution would be greatly promoted. I hope the corporation will at this meeting devise means to increase the endowment. The most effective means that presents itself would be the employment of an active and able agent. Modification the Course of Study I would respectfully suggest that a modification should be made in the course of study. The Hebrew Language as an elective study has been taught for a number of years and many have been profited by this arrangement who could not readily obtain this knowledge elsewhere. At the present time there is not as (382) much demand for this study in colleges now as there is opportunity to acquire the language in the Theological Seminaries. It is found moreover that several who take Hebrew make the election not with reference to their future employment but simply to avoid studies. There is an increasing demand for the Modern Languages and for Science in a college course. The new colleges offer attractions to students by the provisions made for instruction in these branches. This Institution for several years has been in advance of most in provisions to meet this modern demand but it is now necessary to make additional [\page] 1867-1868 71 arrangements to satisfy it. The provision for instruction in Elocution has been one of the strong points of this Institution. No other college has probably presented equal advantages in this department. We believe it would be well to increase the attention (383) given to this very important branch. By so doing the influence of the institution will be increased and the young men will be better prepared for success in active life. I would suggest that after the coming year the Hebrew should be omitted and provision made for increased instruction in Elocution in Rhetorical studies in the Modern Languages and in Sciences. It is at the present day deemed very important that provision should be made to accomodate students with a more extended course of instruction in Chemistry and that they should enjoy the advantages of a Laboratory. A new building for the accomodation of the Natural Science Department is greatly needed. The present building is miserable and must soon fail to furnish even its present accomodations. Our cabinets are scattered in different buildings and (384) the instruction connected with them more inconvenient and expensive than the best interests of the Institution will permit. The Shurtleff Cabinet now occupies the second gallery of the Library. This is not a convenient or suitable place. The Cabinet is crowded and must in a few years give place to books. The cabinets of minerals have not sufficient room for a proper display of their resources. They are packed in drawers and only a few specimens can be seen at any one time. We have intimations and it is probable that proposition will be presented to the Board at this meeting for a large increase to our cabinets of Natural History. We think we may emphatically say there is a pressing need of a new building to accommodate the various branches included under the general head of the Natural Science Department. (385) Centenary Gifts The amount confidently expected from Centenary Gifts has not been realized. It is probable that this Institution has received a less proportion of Centenary money from its patronizing territory than is true of other colleges. Various reasons may be given for this showing that there is no want of confidence in the Institution but the fact is important and should lead to earnest efforts for an increase of the endowment. How much has been given we cannot report. All the measures practicable under the circumstances have been used to secure this information without success. In some cases money has been paid to appointed officers and has not been transmitted to us. Of course in time all such contributions will be received. The mode of trans -(386) mitting the money was not well calculated to secure an early settlement of the matter. Mode of Keeping Order I wish to call the attention of the Board to the present mode of keeping order and maintaining discipline. Under the present arrangements no officer remains in the college buildings [\page] 1867-1868 72 during the night and the chief burden the drudgery of keeping order falls on the President. It must be obvious that this is an unfortunate arrangement. It wastes the energies and time of that officer which should be given to a better and a higher work. The President should not be compelled to attend to all the maintenance of order. Such a necessity lessens his influence and renders less (387) effective his authority on some important occasions. The funds of the institution should be so far increased that young and efficient men should be employed a part of whose duty should have reference to the task of order and discipline. It is evident that not all college officer are equally well adapted to the work of instruction and to that of government. As several years have passed since any action of the Joint Board has been taken on this subject I suggest that the duties and responsibility of the members of the Faculty should be clearly stated by the Board. It will be distinctly understood that no complaint is made of want of efficiency is made against any officer. It is an important question (388) and it is important that the action of the Board should leave no room for differences of opinion. While the general system of government is excellent beyond any other yet at prsent it brings on the President an intolerable burden. (389) Degrees The following as members of the graduating class are recommended for the degree of A.B. (list) The following are recommended for the degree of A.M. in course 1865 (list) (390) Albert Harrison Hoyt class of 1850 Also on Edwin W. Hall a graduate of Genessee College It is recommended that the Honorary Degree of A.M. Allan Crawford Leonard P. Frost Clarence Delavan Scoville Hobart Burrian It is recommended that the degree of D.D. should be conferred Rev Daniel Steele Rev Bradford K. Pierce It is recommended that the degree of L.L.D. should be conferred on George Payn Quackenbos. Respectfully submitted, Joseph Cummings, President. [\page] (391) 1868-69 [print copy] Wesleyan University. To the _____________________ Annual Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church. In accordance with the usual custom, the following statement relative to the condition and prospects of the Wesleyan University is respectfully submitted to the patronizing Conferences. The number of students is one hundred and forty-eight, of whom one hundred and nineteen are professors of religion and forty-seven are licensed preachers. It affords us great pleasure to state that the past year has been one of great prosperity in all the interests of the Institution. At the last Commencement, in addition to their previous  gifts, Daniel Drew,Esq., of New-York, gave $70,000 and Isaac Rich, Esq., ofBoston,$55,000 to the endowment fund, making an increase of $125,000. The Astronomical Observatory has been completed and the new Telescope placed in position. This Telescope, made by Alvan Clark & Sons, of Cambridge, Mass, fully meets the promises of the makers and our expectations. It is in excellence, and all the appointments of a first class instrument, the fourth Telescope in the world. There are but two in this country that are superior to it, and only one in Europe. (392) The MEMORIAL CHAPEL was commenced last spring and has been enclosed. Work on it is now suspended for want of funds. There have been subscribed for this object, about $38,000, of which about $28,000 have been collected. In addition to the present subscription, of which it is hardly probable the whole will be collected, there will be needed about $15,000 to complete the building. The plan and the arrangements of the Chapel have met with hearty and general approval. It is very important that this enterprise should speedily be completed, and the attention of the friends of the Institution is earnestly invited to it. Connected as it is with the hallowed associations of the centenary year, it has a strong claim on the Church that should not allow the memorial to be incomplete. It also appeals to patriots. It is a memorial of the patriotism and heroism of our Alumni and Students who fell in the struggle to preserve the nation's life, and to vindicate our country's cause. It is a debt due the noble dead and the bereaved living. During the past year several courses of lectures have been given before the University, by gentlemen not members of the Faculty, and it is expected that courses of lectures in various departments of literature and science by eminent men, will hereafter constitute one of its advantages. Reports have not been made with sufficient definiteness to enable us to state the amount of the centenary gifts, which will in all probability fall far short of the expectations of the corporation and its earnest friends. We are confident a large sum has been promised, which is still due, and hope special efforts will be made to secure its prompt payment. The University still needs a large increase to its endowment and additional buildings. For the various departments [\page] (393) of the natural sciences there is a pressing need for better accommodation, and it is hoped that liberal means will be furnished for the erection of a building for this purpose. The attention of the friends of edu cation is requested to the importance of founding scholarships in the University, the income of which shall be given to worthy young men in indigent circumstances, many of whom are now painfully struggling with difficulties and embarrassed by debts that enfeeble their energies and prevent the good they would otherwise perform. Such have been the changes in the circumstances of the institution since the last report of the treasurer, that the usual detailed statement relative to its finances is omitted. We would state generally that the whole property of the University is estimated at about $550,000. There have been given to it for various objects since 1863 about $370,000. This fact is a sufficient evidence of the high regard and confidence in which it is held. The Conference is requested to appoint two Visitors and give the President of the University notice of their appointment. The next meeting of the Joint Board will be held on Tuesday, July 13th, at 9 o'clock, A. M. Copies of this Report and Catalogues for the use of Committees have been forwarded to the pastor of the Church in which the Conference holds its session. Respectfully submitted, JOSEPH CUMMINGS, President of the Wesleyan University. [\page] [typed copy] (394) [1869-70] 73 The Past Year Order Prosperity &c The Death of Dr. Phelps one of the first Members His Interests How Prof. Van Benshoten's place has been supplied Prof Otheman Clairvaux Prof Van Benschoten will return Dr Johnston Term of Office has expired Committee on reelection 2 (395 ) The New Charter History of the Doings of the Committee The Action of the Legislature The only Changes The Course to be pursued Mr. Calef. His attention to the matter He has prepared Forms 3 (396) The Elective Course of Study How it works The Department of Elocution The Events of the Past Year The Orange Judd Hall of Natural Sciences Well known yet a proper Notice(?) The Memorial Chapel Last years Subscription Its amounts Pr. North's Efforts [\page] 1869-1870 74 4 (397) My Engagements Dr. True secured as an Agent His success He has a plan for future usefulness I would respectfully ask the Board to consider What we Propose We must finish the building this year 5 (398) The generous gift of J. O. Judd Esq. $5000 Fund The Expenses My Mortification Reasons $1000 Mr Winchster 700 A Bill of Inventory(?) properly would come next year Decline in Gold Some of our securities did not yield the normal amounts Our Increased operations require more money. Care, superintendence 6 (399) The Future Bills (?) Grading ? Bill More Endowment needed It must be had will come Alumni coll. Oration Situation of the college No Academy full commited to it Increase of Interest It must live will flourish [\page] 1869-1870 75 (400) It is recommended that the Degree of Bachelor of Science be conferred on Frederick William Wilcox Clarke Armor Johnston It is recommended that the Degree of A.B. be conferred on (list) (401) It is recommended that the Degree of A.M. be conferred on list) Edward Merritt Anthony class of '60 Albert Overton Hammond class of '65 Charles Prescott Mather class of '66 It is further recommended that the degree be conferred on Jonas Oramel Peck A graduate of Amherst College Horton George Miller A graduate of Madison University Daniel D. Chamberlain a graduate of University of New York (402) It is recommended that the Honorary Degree of A.M. be conferred on Harmon Niles Milton S. Terry William T. Worth It is recommended that the Degree of Doctor of Divinity be conferred on Rev Nathaniel Judson Burton " Shadrach L. Bowman " William Antliff It is recommended that the degree of L.L.D. be conferred on Gen. Edward R.S. Canby Prof Silas Lawrence Loomis Joseph Cummings President [\page] [print copy] (403) The Wesleyan University. 1870-71 Annual To the Conference of the M.E. Church. THE following general statement is respectfully submitted as the Annual Report of the Wesleyan University, to the Patronizing Conferences, The number of students is one hundred and fifty-six, of whom one hundred and thirty-six are professors of religion, and forty-three Licensed Preachers. The Institution is steadily increasing in influence, resources and facilities for instruction. The enterprises previously commenced, have been carried forward during the year as rapidly as circumstances would permit, and it is expected that the MEMORIAL CHAPEL and the ORANGE JUDD HALL OF NATURAL SCIENCE will be dedicated with appropriate ceremonies during Commencement Week. The work on the MEMORIAL CHAPEL has been delayed for want of funds and its completion will depend on the prompt payment of the amount promised. A very valuable and complete set of Casts of Fossils, prepared by Prof. H.A. WARD, has recently been procured, which add greatly to the attractiveness and the facilities of instruction of the Department of Natural History. At the last meeting of the Joint Board of Trustees and Visitors, the new Charter granted by the Legislature of Connecticut, was accepted, and Trustees were elected in accordance with its provisions by the Joint Board and the Alumni, and it now remains for the Patronizing Conferences to complete the organization by selecting the number of Trustees respectively assigned them. The Charter provides that each Patronizing Conference is entitled to one Trustee who must be elected by ballot. A copy of the new Charter is herewith transmitted, in which will be found a full statement of the powers, duties and term of office of the Trustees. The Conference is respectfully requested to elect one Trustee in accordance with the provisions of the Charter, and to give notice of his election to the President of the University. The Corporation will meet at 9 o'clock A.M., on Tuesday July 18. Copies of this Report, of the Charter, and Catalogues for the use of the Committee on Education have been forwarded to the Pastor of the Church in which the Conference holds its session. Respectfully submitted, JOSEPH CUMMINGS, President of the Wesleyan University. MIDDLETOWN, MARCH 1871 [\page] [typed copy] (404) [1870-71] 76 It is recommended that the degree of Bachelor of Arts should e conferred on (list) It is recommended that the Degree f Master of Arts should be conferred on Samuel Reed Bailey Charles Lewis Bonnell Edmund Griffin Butler Lester B. Cook Robert McLean Cumnock George Blauvelt Dusinberre Henry Warren Flint (405) Martin Augustine Knapp Ensign McChesney David Ward Northrup Charles Melville Parker Michael Hays Perry Frank Reynolds Joseph Emerson Robins Christopher Smith Sargeant Almona Benjamin Smart George Hapgood Stone B.F. Wiggins class of '53 Ralph Hunt a graduate of Genesee College Thomas W. Bishop a graduate of Harvard College Henry Thompson Peirce MD Amherst College [Joseph Cummings] [\page] [1871 -72] 77 (406) The President of Wesleyan University submits to the Trustees his Annual Report During the past year the University has been called to mourn the loss of a member of the Corporation, one of its best and most generous friends, Isaac Rich Esq. He died January 13th 1873. The Institution is greatly indebted to Mr. Rich not only for his princely gifts but for his influence manifested in earnest and successful efforts to induce others to give. His death was sudden and without any recognized warning. He had not opportunity to revise as he had purposed his plans, which we are well assured contemplated additional gifts to the University. We will cherish his memory with gratitude for the good he accomplished by his gifts and influence, and wait in confidence for others to come forward and take his place. I respectfully (407) suggest that a committee be appointed to prepare a minute to be entered on the records of the Board relative to his death. Students The number of students entered on the College Roll is 165 of whom 135 are professors of religion and 62 Licensed Preachers. As a general statement we may say this year has been characterized by good order, harmony and prosperity. During the past two years in the first Terms there was an unusually large amount of sickness. The Typhoid fever has been prevalent. This fact has caused much anxiety. I am satisfied there is nothing in the arrangement of the buildings to cause this sickness. One student a prominent member of the Junior Class and a very promising young man Mr. Francis A. Winch died during the Fall (408) Term. In the latter part of that term there occurred three cases of varioloid. They were mild in their character and the students rapidly recovered. A great panic occurred in college which the nearness to the close of the Term increased and a large majority of the students left college. We continued our exercises to the close of the Term and held the regular examinations. During the last two Terms the health of the members of the college has been as good as usual. Improvements The change in the use of the Old Chapel authorized at the last meeting of the Corporation has been made, and the benefits have been very great far exceeding expectations. It is believed that better arrangements than are there furnished are not to be found in any other institution. The completion of the Memorial Chapel and Orange Judd Hall of Natural Science enabled us to reconstruct and greatly (409) improve the Recitation Rooms in this building. The Spire of the Memorial Chapel through the generosity of George I. Seney Esq has been completed. The cost was a little in excess of $2500 the sum named but he generously and without solicitation paid the whole. A new Bell of a very superior tone weighing 2587 pounds has been given by one of the Alumni. Watson C. Squires Esq. Secretary of the Remington FireArms Company. A very [\page] 1871-1872 78 superior Clock made by Howard & Co. was presented by Hon Jacob A. Casper(?) . They are so useful that we could not now dispense with them. We have also secured by gifts an Organ for our Memorial Chapel; towards this the students subscribed about $1035. A generous subscription of $500 was received from E. Remington Esq. of NY (410 ) The Organ is worth about $2500 although it cost the Institution less than this. Chapel Sunday Service In accordance with the direction of the Trustees religious service has been held in the college Chapel on Sundays during the college year. The interest in the service has exceded my expectations. There has been a good attendance from the city and I trust the services have been profitable. The most generous gift received during the year has been bestowed by Mrs. Samuel Hubbard. She has generously given to the Institution a valuable lot of land on High Street. The value of this land is estimated at $20000. It is a tract of land that has long been in possession of the family not having been transferred for many years. I recommend that a letter of thanks be sent to Mrs. Hubbard signed by the President and Secretary of the Board. (411) New Boarding House Expenses of Students The Old Laboratory has been changed at as little expense as practicable in to a boarding House and from 40 to 60 students have been accommodated with board at $2.75(?) per week. There was less interest on the part of the students than was expected. I had hoped they would take charge of it and conduct the arrangements as their clubs were conducted. As this could not be done the use of the building has been given free of rent to Mrs. E.W. Jackson with the understanding the price of board shall not exceed the price named. Students can conduct a club at less expense than any one can board them. The low price of board in this Hall has had the effect to reduce somewhat the expense of board in the other clubs. The expenses of students have excited considerable attention and (412) discussion. One of the effects I predicted as likely to be realized from this has in fact been experienced . As soon as students do not take interest in those things connected with these Exercises that involve Expenses, they lose interest in the Exercises. There is now so little interest in our Sophomore and Junior Exhibitions that I deem it best to make a serious change with reference to them which will lead to abandoning the Sophomore Exhibition and a resort to some means that may give more interest to the other. There are circumstances that render it difficult to secure a general interest in these Exercises and only a part, and often a minority of a class can participate in the library concerns Heretofore the classes as a classes have felt an interest in fine music and other things connected with the exhibitions and willingly paid the expenses. (413) The majority of the classes are not disposed to take advantage of the sentiment against expenses and to decline to pay any thing. Moderate expenses would be a heavy burden to the few who speak. [\page] 1871-1872 79 It is evident that there is much a decline in interest in public concerns in colleges generally and there is reason to believe that they, including Commencement Exercises, will be greatly modified or discontinued. Admission of Young Ladies A soon as practicable after the adjournment of the Board the Executive Committee and the Faculty were consulted relative to the admission of young ladies to college. As both bodies approved I gave notice that they would be hereafter admitted on the same conditions to equal privileges with young men. Of course there was not time (414 ) for ladies to make preparation to enter at the beginning of this year. I advised a few to who who were disposed to enter to wait till this year. It is expected that there will be several ladies who will apply for admission this year. I am satisfied that coeducation is right in principle and that it will in the course of a few years be adopted by all the leading colleges. It is not a popular measure now and must be considered as an obstacle in the way of the prosperity of the college which in in other circumstances it could better bear. I should have preferred that there might have been a delay to give opportunity to the friends of the measure to secure funds that would by an indemnity against temporary loss. It is probable that the measure will lessen the number of students. It is not probable that many ladies will avail themselves of the offer as expenses will (415) be higher than for other students since no rooms can be furnished and usual arrangements relative to clubs for boarding will not at first be practicable. (416) Lands to be sold--Lands to be bought After reflection I earnestly recommend that the land on High Street which Mrs. Hubbard has given should be sold and that the lot of land lying on the South side of Cross Street be purchased. The lot of which I recommend the purchase lies near to the college property being separated by a street. It is every way desirable and will be needed. It is to be feared that it will be sold in small lots to persons who will build inferior houses and greatly diminish the appearance of the surroundings of the college. The future of the college will require that the square on which it stands should belong to it and the lots on the opposite side of the streets surrounding it. I hope the Trustees will examine into this matter and give the subject careful attention. The generous gift will enable us to secure (417) a lot of land that should belong to the college. I earnestly recommend that you give the Executive Committee power and instructions to sell the land on High Street and purchase the lot on Cross Street. Time of Commencement Soon after entering on the duties of my office the Corporation concurred in the recommendation to change the time of Commencement from the first Wednes- [\page] 1871-1872 80 day of August to the last week in June. The change was not popular and the apparent interest and the attendance at Commencement declined. I deemed it best to recommend the present time which the Corporation adopted. At the present time most of the colleges hold commencement as early as the  of June and there are many reasons in favor of this arrangement which I (418) will not now urge. I am confident the interests of the college will be promoted by the change. As I would not be hasty and desire that when the change shall be made it shall be satisfactory I simply call attention to the subject now. Vacant Professorships By the rules of the Corporation the Presidency and also the Department of Geology and Natural History are vacant. As has been usual in other similar cases it is recommended that a committee should be appointed to report relative to these Departments. By the rules those who have filled these Departments are candidates for election without a formal nomination which the election of a Professor for the first time requires. The number of colleges and Discouragement relative to the University The present position and prospects of the Boston University, the efforts on behalf of the Syracuse University and the earnest efforts of leading men in the church to establish another college in the state of New York or New Jersey have caused in many minds great discouragement relative to this Institution inasmuch as all these institutions will depend largely on the territory that has sustained the Wesleyan University. We think this discouragement is unreasonable and the manifestation of it unwise. Leading friends of the new Institutions say that there is no need of discouragement that this Institution will become stronger by the establishment of others. The sim-(420) ple answer to this is the well known fact -- humiliating as it may seem that men equally wise and influential have emphatically expressed similar sentiments to those referred to. It might not be the appropriate place here to discuss the question but we are fully confident that the church has made a mistake in multiplying Literary and Theological Institutions. It is true that our Institutions have not so commanding an influence as some others but the chief reason is that we do not ourselves respect them. Our great duty is to make them strong by increase of resources endowments and Professors to make our institutions in their resources equal to those with which they are called to compete. Our great want is strong Institution(s). If our funds were wisely used we should have more influence, more students more power in every way at less cost (421). One Institution could do all that is now done by several colleges and Theological Institutions in a more satisfactory manner and at half the cost. Facts show that young men and their friends will not regard distance if the privileges of a richly endowed Institution are open to them. Instead of founding so many Institutions it would be better to use a part of the funds to lessen the expenses of students and provide ample funds to assist all worthy students who need help and to make compensation for the inconveniences and expense consequent on remote residence from the college. [\page] 1871-1872 81 In the mean time we protest against the discouragement that has been expressed. This Institution is the oldest college under the patronage of the Methodist (422) Church. It has influence and has what money cannot buy - a history - Its Alumni are a power in the land. There are no elements of power in which these new Institutions can be superior to it except the mere matter of friends. It has a noble foundation and if friends will give but a small part of the sum necessary to found a new college it will hold the rank among these new local Institutions which Yale and Harvard hold among the Institutions of later date that are sustained by the same patronizing territory. (423) Endowment There is a pressing want of an Endowment. We hope that friends will be found who will add to the funds already secured what may be necessary to secure from them the greatest benefits. This want of an increase of the endowment is the most pressing want today and it is important that some way be devised to meet it. Some agent should be employed. In some respects the President would seem to be the appropriate agent but if he has direct charge of the government of the college and is a regular teacher it is impracticable for him to be absent from the college the required time. It would probably be a wise plan to employ an efficient agent who should devote his time to increasing the resources of the college. (424) I earnestly recommend this subject to the attention of the Board. Additions to the Board of Instruction The Faculty feel that they are burdened with excessive work and earnestly ask for relief which can only be secured by an increase to the Endowment. Election of Trustees There are four vacancies n the Board of Trustees one occasioned by death and three by expiration of time. Three vacancies are to be filled by the election of the Board. Inasmuch as there must be one new man elected it is not improper to urge that a selection should be made of one who will add to the influence and power of the Board and who shall be so far free from entangling alliances (425) that his best efforts can be given to the support of the University. (426) Alumni Record & Triennial Catalogue Three years have past (sic) since a General Catalogue was published. Our generous friend Orange Judd Jr. published the Alumni Record in 1869. He expended several thousand Dollars for which he secured no return and gave to the work much time and attention. I recommend that the University make an appropriation of $500.00 about the cost of a Triennial Catalogue in the usual form for that purpose. The rest of the funds may be secured from the gifts of the Alumni and the sales of the Record. Of course we cannot ask that Mr. Judd shall contribute anything to this object. (427) [\page] 1871-1872 82 The first edition cost over $5000 it is probable that a new edition of One Hundred copies will cost about $1200. (428) It is recommended that the Degree of AB should be conferred on the members of the Graduating Class. (printed list) It is recommended that th degree of A. M.should be conferred in course on John E. Abbott Henry S. Carhart David Casler Wm (sic) A. Chadwick Alden F. Chase Nathan G. Cheney John R. Cushing Charles P. Croft Wilbur F. Crafts Edson W. Davis Horatio N. Hall Jr. (429) Samuel E. Holden Albert G. Jepson Tamerlane P. Marsh David E. Miller Alfred Noon Frank E. Porter John Hale Powers George E. Reed Jonathan Edwards Richards Henry A. Starks Albert A. Tyler Caleb T. Winchester Harvey Woodward Henry Vosburgh class 55 James G. Oakley a graduate of the New York University Joseph Eastman Dartmouth College A. M. ad eundum (430) It is recommended that the Honorary Degree of Master of Arts should be conferred on Rev. Daniel Richards Nathan A. Daboll Rev. John Dickinson It is recommended that the Degree of Doctor of Divinity should be conferred on Rev. John Wilbur Beach Rev. Jonathan Kelsey Burr Rev. Micah Jonas Talbot Rev. Charles F. Allen [\page] 1872-1873 83 Report of the President of the Wesleyan University to the Board of Trustees for the year ending June 26th 1873 I wish to renew the expression of my thanks to the Trustees for the leave of absence granted to me and I hope that benefit may result to me and to the University. As I returned on the 19th of May and my time has been fully occupied with pressing duties I have not had the opportunity necessary to examine carefully into the conditions and prospects of the Institution. The past year under the judicious management of the Faculty has been characterized by good order and general prosperity. The number of students admitted has been 190 of whom 155 are professors of religion and 69 intend to engage in the work of the Ministry. The number of students should be greatly increased and this increase would require but a comparatively small increase in the expenses of the Board of Instruction (432) We are now compelled to divide classes into small sections and each section costs as much time of the teachers as the whole class would demand in the same department. There will not be a need of large expenditures on the college buildings as they are in good condition. We are now compelled to divide classes into small sections where elective courses of study are presented and each section requires as much time and attention as would the whole class in the same department. (433) It is known that ladies have been connected with the college the past year. All that the most sanguine friends of the measure could wish has thus far been realized. The scholarship punctuality and general character and bearing of the ladies have been such as to command highest commendation and respect. Buildings and General Expenses There will not be a need of large expenditures on any of the college buildings as they are in a generally good condition. It must be remembered however that the number of these buildings and the varied uses made of them and the necessity of keeping them in good condition require a much larger expenditure than was formerly requisite. It will be necessary to make walks about the college buildings as the present arrangement is inconvenient and embarrassing and requires considerable expense annually. Several buildings (434) need pointing. This should not be delayed. It will be important to complete the Portico to the Memorial Chapel of which a large part of the work is finished. We must also furnish the promised tablets for the names of those who gave their money for its erection. The work on the Memorial Chapel has been delayed by my absence and also by the fact that there are still unpaid subscriptions from which we hope something will be realized. As we now have a large coal room in the first story of South College and furnish students coal delivered at their rooms at a price that shall [\page] 1872-1873 84 cause no loss to the college, there is now no need of the long array of coal sheds in the rear of the buildings. They are in a delapidated condition and if still used would need extensive repairs. They should be removed the carpenters' shop drawn back and a suitable fence erected for which the wood sheds will furnish a large amount of material. (435) I recommend that as a part of the general oversight exercised by the Trustees Committee on Grounds Buildings Apparatus and Library should be appointed at this and each following session to report to the Board the condition of the University property and especially to notice and report on any neglect or want of proper attention they may observe. Faculty Increases The term of office of Prof. J.A. Van Vleck and J.C. Van Benschoten expires by limitation of term by the rules of the Board. They are candidates for reelection. Their ability and faithfulness are well known. As has been usual in similar cases I suggest that a committee on these vacancies should be appointed who shall consider the qualifications of these officers and report to the Board relative to their reelection (436). I am persuaded that the rule that limits the term of office of a Professor to five years is a wise one and calculated to secure much good. Dr. Johnston has given me notice that he will not be able to attend to the work of his Professorship next Term. It is hardly probable that his age and ill health will permit him to do much more work. He has served the College long and faithfully. I commend his case to the kind consideration of the Board and recommend the appointment of a Committee to consider what course shall be Pursued. Under these circumstances it will be necessary to elect a Professor of Chemistry. In this connection and inasmuch as the Board will consider a new code of rules I would suggest that it is an (437) appropriate time to make any needed additional regulations relative to the Board of Instruction. This is the more important as rules enacted now cannot be construed into any reflection on the efficiency and faithfulness of the present officers. As the number of officers and departments is increased it will be proper that some care should be used to equalize the labor of the officers. The points to which I refer are the amount of labor required in the recitation and lecture rooms or elsewhere of each officer. 2. His responsibility relative to the general order and good conduct of students. 3. What liberty of absence from college duties either on college or private business 4. That each officer should report through the President of the University annually to he Board the number of recitations actually heard (438) the number of lectures given the amount of work in class exercises in the use of apparatus and in the Laboratories and Cabinets, also the number of students in each study taught. I deem it important that the President or some other college officer should be present at the sessions of Conferences at Conventions and other important public meetings to represent the interests of the University much more frequently than has been usual for several years past. [\page] 1872 -1873 85 (439) The Condition and Prospects of the University It has been a serous embarrassment that there has been great distrust as to the permanent success of the University. It is (to) be regretted that its great prosperity and the large increase to its property have not removed this. It is unfortunate that many of its friends are now seriously discouraged and talk of the peril of the Institution. There has ever been an urgent need of an increase to the endowment. The increased expenses have ever more than kept pace with the increases of its resources. It is manifest now that the measure is insufficient, moreover it must be remembered that a large part of it is contingent and only promised in any event for a limited time. Other colleges have been opened in its patronizing territory . Urgent means and representa (440)tions are used to secure an interest in their favor such as have not heretofore been known in the history of such institutions. Their patronage to a certain extent at least will be derived from the class of students who would otherwise attend this Institution . Efforts are made to connect more or less directly all the Seminaries and Academies of our church that have hitherto sent students here. Of the 190 students whose names are in our Catalogue 150 for various reasons such as distance, state associations, e(t)c would be liable to be drawn to these new colleges. Of the 190 students 59 are from the state of New York 23 are from Connecticut 89 are from other New England states and 19 from various other states. As Connecticut has no other colleges it is hardly probable that a large number of students (441) will be drawn from this state. It is evident that hereafter a large proportion of the students of the Wesleyan University must be drawn to it, because of the superior advantages it will confer the spheres of influence of other colleges. Under the circumstances it is earnestly recommended that a more extended course of study should be presented with elective studies and other arrangements that will meet the popular demand and that the faculty should be increased. It would probably be expedient to make arrangements to open other Departments of the University such as Theology and Law. The large number of officers and students connected with a college constitutes one of the most powerful attractions towards it. So one of the additional departments of the University could be established at much less expense than elsewhere and with a fair prospect of greater (442) influence. The regular classical course should be so modified as to allow more attention to be given to the Modern Languages and to various studies in English Literature and Natural Science. There should also be established instead of one three year scientific course, two courses of study requiring four years . One should be what may be called a purely scientific course and in the other the study of Latin should be permitted in place of other studies. This arrangement will meet the wishes of all who desire an education. It is well known that the regular college course as established years ago is losing favor with a large class who are seeking what they call a more practical preparation [\page] 1872-1873 86 for the duties of life. These special arrangements will also meet the wishes of many young men who wish to prepare themselves (443) for the Ministry but have not time to complete the regular classical course. We must take a position in advance and place this Institution in the first rank of colleges with respect to endowment and other requisite resources. To remain as we now are will be suicidal. Other rising institutions will draw away students and influence and leave the college with a relative position that will disappoint and mortify its friends. It has now a great advantage over all new institutions in its age historic associations and the influence and character of its Alumni. Money will enable it to secure all other advantages. Its location and natural advantages are admirably suitable for a great central University that shall not only offer the best college in (444)struction but also offer various advantages for post graduate courses of study which the Alumni of other colleges may gladly seek. The great question is how shall the money be secured. There is wealth enough among its friends consecrated to the good cause of religion and sound economy but it must be sought out. Much time and labor may be required but the work can and must be done. It is evident that no officer connected with the college can do this work and attend to bias college duties. It is therefore earnestly recommended that a suitable agent should be employed at the earliest practical period. I think it unbecoming to indulge doubts as to the high position and commanding influence of the Wesleyan University in the (445) future. It must succeed the good faith and honor of the church are connected with it. The work of the agent should be 1. To increase the permanent endowment 2. While this work is being carried on he should be instructed to secure subscriptions for a term of years payable annually. Formerly in view of the best interests of the University I so arranged the course of study as to lessen the number of officers now I earnestly for the same motives urge an increase. I earnestly commend this subject to of the Board and respectfully urge immediate consideration. Claim on the Estate of Isaac Rich As chairman of the committee to present a claim against the estate of our benefactor Isaac Rich, deceased I would report that we made an appointment and met and presented and urged the claim. In a verbal reply the Executors represented that the claim of the University was not accompanied with legal evidence of title and that for this reason they it would not be allowed. A written reply was requested but it has not as yet been received. The closer connection with the Seminaries and Academies In addition to the suggestions made relative to the Preparatory Schools I would recommend that measures should be taken to secure a closer connection between the University and these Academies and Seminaries. A list of these institutions with the names of the principal officers should be published in the College Catalogue. Arrangements should be made for the examination of in these institutions of students intending to enter the [\page] 1872-1873 87 University and the more important facts relative to the University should be published in the annual Catalogues of these institutions. Such an arrangement would be a benefit to the institutions thus associated and would cause the University to be more generally known to the class desiring the advantages it offers. (448) Course of study; New Arrangement of the Faculty I am purposed to recommend a modification and extension of the courses of study. The Adoption of this would render some changes in the Department of instruction necessary and will increase the labor of the officers. It will be necessary in any case to elect a Professor of Analytical Chemistry but no other increase to the Faculty is asked for this year. (449) The following persons constituting the Graduating Class are recommended for the degree of Bachelor of Arts. (printed list) The following persons Alumni of the University are recommended for the regular degree of Master of Arts Darius Baker Isaac Newton Clements William E. Dwight Charles S. Edgerton John H. Emerson Leon C. Field Charles W. Gallagher (450) Benjamin Gill George B. Goode Charles L. Hamilton Samuel P. Hammond David H. Hanaburgh Charles . Hawkins Cicero Marcellus Hicks George H. McGrew Howard A. McKenney George Preston Mains Virgil W. Mattoon William L. Miller Henry Gleason Newton Abraham J. Palmer George T. Parrot Edward Hyde Rice Alfred S. Roe Charles E. Seaver Richard Watson Smith William J. Smith [\page] 1872-1873 Marvin Wallace Van Denburg John Welch Joseph K. Wells Rev George W. Mansfield of the class of 1858 (451) It is recommended that the Honorary degree of Master of Arts should be conferred on Rev. Varnum A. Cooper Rev. Thomas D. Littlewood Rev. Richard Harcourt Otis T. Hall It is recommended that the Honorary Degree of Doctor of Divinity should be conferred on Rev. Albert S. Hunt Rev, George F. Kittell Rev. Orlando H. Jasper Rev. Andrew McKewon Respectfully Submitted Joseph Cummings President [\page] 1873-1874 89 (453) In accordance with the usual custom the President of Wesleyan University submits to the Corporation the following Report for the year ending June 25th 1874 The whole number of students on the College roll is 193 the largest number of students ever connected with it. Of these 166 are Professors of religion and 60 are licensed Preachers. During the past year the college has been advertised much more widely than heretofore and it is believed that the result will be an increase of students for the year to come. Until recently no special effort has been made to recruit students and efforts were made to induce all the students to take the regular classical course. There were as many students as could be taught without dividing the classes. The means of the institution would not allow of such a division and (454) it was deemed best to make no special efforts for an increase till an increase to the endowment could be secured. Of late in view of the popular estimation of the power of an institution by the number of its students the policy has been changed; considering the number of colleges now in the former patronizing territory and the efforts to induce students to attend them the number of students is very encouraging. It can be greatly increased without a corresponding expense. The present number makes instruction relatively very expensive inasmuch as the divisions of the classes are in many cases small. The settlement of the claim against the estate of Isaac Rich At the special meeting held in Jan a full report was given of the settlement of the claim against the estate of Isaac Rich Esq. As then stated this difficult and delicate manner matter was (455) settled in an amicable manner and with manifest good feeling on the part of all concerned. Of the three claims presented by your committee two were allowed and paid. One vis the Rich Prize was not allowed. This Prize was established by Mrs. Rich -- Her husband intended to endow this Prize but did not attend to it having died while many of his plans were not finished. I would recommend that this Prize be continued in the name of Mrs. Rich and that $25 each year be appropriated for this Purpose. Special Agency for Endowment At the Special meeting last winter direction was given that a Special agent should be appointed to increase the endowment. The committee gave immediate attention to the subject and selected (456) an agent. A satisfactory preliminary arrangement was made with him subject to the approval of the authorities of the church . As he was a member of an Annual Conference the its recommendation was necessary to secure his appointment. I corresponded with the Presiding Elders and other members of the Conference and committed the further management of the matter to a member of the conference who is an officer of the College. The action of the conference was averse to his appointment and of course we did not secure his services. Considering the unfavorable condition of business generally which renders it exceedingly difficult to secure subscriptions, the short period allowed for the agency previous to this meeting and various other reasons nothing further has been done to [\page] 1873-1874 90 secure an agent. (457) Expenses the Past Year The expenses the past year have been greater than we had reason to expect at Past Year at its beginning. There are large bills for Street Sewerage made by the city relative to which we had no choice. There have been heavy expenses in the Laboratory. At the commencement of the year there was but a small stock of Chemical stores and but little apparatus suitable for use. As there has been a large class in Experimental Chemistry it became necessary to expend a large sum to make suitable preparation for them. The income received from the Laboratory is very small not as much in my judgement as it should be. Unusual privileges at an extra and heavy cost over the usual expenses of providing college instruction and all this is nearly (458) gratuitous. It is an important question whether some discrimination relative to practically free instruction should not be made. I shall refer to this subject again. The expense for repairs has been greater than the sum named at the last Annual Meeting. It has been lower than was proper inasmuch as some of the property has suffered and a loss has resulted from delay. Considering the amount of property, the number and varied uses of the buildings, it is evident that much care and considerable expense will be necessary to keep the property in a proper condition. Large discretion must be allowed to the Superintendent. Of course the reasonableness and judiciousness of the expenditures should be carefully examined. (459) Memorial Chapel The Portico of the Memorial Chapel has been finished and I think the Trustees will admit that the appearance of the building is much improved. This Portico has been a long time in process of construction and has involved several contracts. It has been furnished in part just as the money could be obtained. This building has cost a very great amount of labor and care. It required several years for its completion and involved more than a dozen contracts besides a large amount of work by the day. It has been completed by money given for the purpose. The Memorial Chapel has not lessened the general funds of the college or increased its debts. I make this statement distinctly inasmuch as it has been industriously circulated that I have disregarded the instructions of the Trustees and used the college funds to finish this building. It is an excellent structure but might be much improved but I will not now make any suggestions on this point. The Recent Improvements in the College The imposing structures recently erected on the college grounds have attracted more attention than other improvements and have been brought into undue(461) prominence in certain unfriendly criticisms made with reference to the present administration. I am persuaded moreover that some who are impatient [\page] 1873-1874 91 that he resources of the University have not increased more rapidly are not aware how great an advance has been made. In 1857 the whole property of the Institution deducting debts and nominal funds amounted to about $181,100 Income $13101.38 Salaries $7633.31 No instructors 6 Bill for Repairs $290.01 But such was the condition of the Property that an average of $2500 was spent for repairs for several years succeeding in addition to a heavy construction account. This year Property (462) The gross value of Property Expenses Salaries No .Instructors Of the value of property it should be stated that more than $100 000 is due to the rise in value of property belonging to the Institution from the first. It is so far from being true that the increase in property has been in buildings that since 1857 the time when the new administration commenced there has been secured for other purposes than buildings more than $370 000. There were good hopes that the plans matured would have secured a large increase to the endowment this year but circumstances well known have prevented. The next effort of the Institution (463) Difference as to Policy Increase of Debts As it is well known that between me and some others both in the Board of Instruction and Trustees there is a difference in policy views as to the policy to be pursued -- The enterprise shown by colleges recently established and the ways to attract attention used by them hitherto unusual have alarmed the friends of this institution and it is deemed by them necessary to keep the college in the relative position it should hold to resort to measures to increase the advantages offered by providing instruction in a larger number of elective studies and establishing Post Graduate courses of study. This is all desirable in itself provided the income could be secured but I deem it unwise to incur a debt. Of the income of the college as it stood at the beginning (464) of the year about $10 000 was derived from temporary sources one of which ended this year and the other next year. By a recent arrangement $2000 of the ten is secured and it is [\page] 1873-1874 92 hoped that arrangements may be made to secure a part of the balance. The plans contemplated and promises made contemplate an expenditure of several thousand more. It is safe to say that the plans entertained contemplate an expenditure of $15 000 beyond reliable income. It is said that if the expense is incurred the necessity will be soon felt and noticed and gifts will be given. Under certain circumstances such as have existed in the history of this institution such a course would be wise but it is doubtful whether a demand exists that will justify an expense many judicious persons will regard (465) as reckless and suicidal. I gave reluctant assent to the introduction of some of the new arrangements understanding then the difficulty but so strong influence with influential Trustees had been made in their favor that it was not wise to oppose them. I then hoped the endowment would be speedily increased. I still believe this may be done. The only conservatism I would with reference to the extension of college privileges and means of instruction is a due regard for it with those who have given liberally to the institution and the church and community that support it. If the Trustees shall go on and permanently increase expenses they will understand what is involved in their course. (466) Future of Colleges There is but little doubt but that in a few years colleges will cease to hold the relative rank hitherto accorded to them. They are rapidly increasing and entering into competition with each other for popular favor. In large communities public provision will soon be made for as high a grade of instruction as they give. College degrees are not as valuable as formerly. Professional schools are held in less esteem and there is a tendency to substitute for the college and professional training institutions from which the benefits of both kinds of institution will be expected. It would seem to be most desirable for institutions to use their funds to secure in the highest degree certain selected results that will benefit the greatest number and leave special and costly courses of study to institutions (467) founded for that purpose. Mrs. Louisa Loveland's Gift By Will Mrs. Louisa Loveland gave to the University for the Memorial Chapel $2500 and for the benefit of students in needy circumstances who have intend to become ministers. I would recommend that five Scholarships with the last named $2500 to be called the Loveland scholarships and that the persons who shall enjoy the benefit of them shall be designated according to the terms of the Will by the Faculty. I would earnestly recommend that the $2500 given to the Memorial Chapel should be reserved as an Organ Fund. A good organ is very much needed and it would seem to be a very appropriate manner of using this gift. (468) Gifts to students needing aid There is a misapprehension as to the amount given in aid of indigent to needy students in this Institution. I saw a recent announcement relative to [\page] 1873-1874 93 a very worthy institution that it gave $6000 yearly in tuition. This was deemed worthy of special mention. A brief comparison will show that Wesleyan University does more than other colleges for this class. The tuition of Wesleyan remains unchanged at $33 per year. In Brown & Williams Tuition is $75 per year. At that rate Wesleyan University gives in tuition $10 500 In Trinity and Yale tuition is $90 and at that the gift is 12 500 In Harvard tuition is $150 and our gift at that is 21 000 Of course the only fair estimate of gifts is the thing given (469) and not its nominal price. No institution in the country probably does more in proportion to its income and its number of students to secure free education. Tuition is to be raised I would recommend that the price of tuition should be raised to $75 per year. This is at present only a moderate rate. If tuition is given as heretofore to a great extent the extent of the favor will be better appreciated. Our room rent is very low -- much lower than is the cost of rooms in the city. I would recommend that it should be raised 50 per cent and also that the charge for incidental and general expenses should be increased from $5 per term to $7. With this increase all the expense of college exercises should be assumed and (470 ) paid by the college. It is difficult now to provide for these expenses inasmuch as the number of speakers is smaller than formerly and less general interest is manifested in them. There is a reason for an increase in this charge charge inasmuch as the present arrangement involves much more expense than formerly. I think the price of permanent scholarships might be raised to $1000. Inasmuch as the cheap scholarships have nearly run out I would suggest that it is a favorable time to consider and decide on the future policy of the college with respect to them. They have accomplished much good but They were issued under peculiar circumstances and to meet an emergency but it is not clear that the same policy should now be continued. It is evident that some students are fully (471) able to pay their college bills. They will avail themselves of cheap scholarships while the needy ones will earnestly press their cases and ask for free tuition. The most of the students who come here are poor and must be helped. It is difficult to tell how to do this in the most judicious way. It is desirable to secure scholarships endowed with a reasonable amount. Scholarships that will yield more than the expense of tuition are greatly desirable. Other means of help might be established. The N. E. Education Society has for many years rendered great service to the college. 25 students have been helped by it the past year. [\page] 1873-1874 94 The N.Y. Education Society has also rendered valuable aid and has helped a number of students. I would (472) earnestly recommend that these societies as most important auxiliaries to education should be remembered and recommended to the liberal support of the churches. Self help The best way to make correct useful men is to give them opportunity to help themselves. The great difficulty with this is that they cannot be persuaded to take the time that should be given to complete a college course. They are irregular in attendance and in many respects their education is poor yet in practical sagacity and power in all that constitutes practical they are greatly superior to those who furnished the means to secure an education with no special sacrifice. Change of the name of the Institution The effort for this course. Strong Influences. Loss No good name suggested. The objection was stronger formerly than now Change should not be made unless some great gain can be received College Houses and the Professors The facts. few houses Inequality as to practical salary . Desirable that they should be given houses at a rent that would be a good investment. (474) The inequality to be remedied either by raising rent or allowing other professors to have the advantage of the houses. The Faculty for next Year A Professor of Chemistry should be chosen. For this office I present the name of W. A. Atwater the instructor in the Department the past year. Some rule must be adopted relative to the expenses of this Department. I would suggest that before expenses are incurred the Professor of Chemistry and all other Professors having occasion to incur expenses in the work (475) of their Department should present an estimate for approval of the Executive Committee. Tutors will be needed next year in the place of Messrs D. Baker and E.M. Smith who have rendered most efficient service in their Departments . The uncertainty relative to the arrangement that might be made has prevented proposing a definite arrangement. I would ask that the Executive Committee and the Faculty shall have power to select tutors for the next year. I would recommend that Prof. Atwater should receive full salary. [\page] 1873-1874 95 Prof Winchester's salary I would recommend that the compensation of Prof. Winchester should be raised to a full salary. He has been a faithful officer and has done good work in his department (476). B.S. It is recommended that the Degree of B.S. should be conferred on John Edward Eustis It is recommended that the degree of A.B. should be conferred on (printed list) It is recommended that the Degree of A.M. should be conferred on (printed list) and Leroy Sumner Stowe a graduate of Dickinson College. It is recommended that the Honorary Degree of A.M. be conferred on Rev . Justin Spaulding Barrows Abner E. Lasher Rev. Robert R. Meredith Rev. Frederick W. Briggs of Birmingham England (478) It is recommended that the degree of DD be conferred on Rev . William X. Ninde Rev . Cyrus Stone It is recommended that the Degree of L.L.D. be conferred on Rev. William F. Warren DD President of Boston University Respectfully submitted Joseph Cummings Show less
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(214) be larger than would otherwise be received. 1859-1860 20 $50,000 Fund I regret to state that the Fund of $50,000 for buildings and an increase Show more(214) be larger than would otherwise be received. 1859-1860 20 $50,000 Fund I regret to state that the Fund of $50,000 for buildings and an increase in the facilities of instruction ham not been secured. In accordance with the direction of the Joint Board I gave immediate attention to this subject and spent as much time in New York during the summer vacation as the interests of the University demanding my personal attention would allow. I made an earnest effort during the winter to secure subscriptions. After careful inquiry and application to a large majority of those from whom the funds must be expected I came m to the conclusion that during this year the fund could not be secured. After consultation with leading friends of the University I concluded to suspend the � Show less
(454) it was deemed best to make no special efforts for an increase till an increase to the endowment could be secured. Of late in view of the popular Show more(454) it was deemed best to make no special efforts for an increase till an increase to the endowment could be secured. Of late in view of the popular estimation of the power of an institution by the number of its students the policy has been changed; considering the number of colleges now in the former patronizing territory and the efforts to induce students to attend them the number of students is very encouraging. It can be greatly increased without a corresponding expense. The present number makes instruction relatively very expensive inasmuch as the divisions of the classes are in many cases small. The settlement of the claim against the estate of Isaac Rich At the special meeting held in Jan a full report was given of the settlement of the claim against the estate of Isaac Rich Esq. As then stated this difficult and delicate manner matter was � Show less
(268). As it may be desirable on account of the holidays to make a variation in the Fall and Spring vacations I would recommend that the Faculty Show more(268). As it may be desirable on account of the holidays to make a variation in the Fall and Spring vacations I would recommend that the Faculty should have discretionary power to make such alterations as the Interests of this Institution may require. Degrees The following gentlemen are recommended for the Degree of A. B. (list) � Show less
(232) benefited, receiving more students from them than all other patronizing Institutions - As I think it evident that great good would result from Show more(232) benefited, receiving more students from them than all other patronizing Institutions - As I think it evident that great good would result from the measure I recommend it for your approval. It is no part of the design to place it in competion (sic) with other Institutions having in part the same object. Inasmuch as special attention must for awhile be directed to other subjects I would recommend that the Prudential Committee should be authorized to open the Department as soon as in their judgement it may be expedient. Of course the Department must be made to support itself as I should not deem it proper to use any part of the income of the college fund to sustain it. Show less
(207) Honrary A.M. James B. Dixon Principal of Colburn Academy Rev. Abel Gardner R.S. Moron B.S.(?) of 1855 Julius F. Kellogg of Prov. Conf. Sem&apos Show more(207) Honrary A.M. James B. Dixon Principal of Colburn Academy Rev. Abel Gardner R.S. Moron B.S.(?) of 1855 Julius F. Kellogg of Prov. Conf. Sem'y Alfred S. Purdy M.D. New York Recommendations for degree of Doctor of Divinity - Rev. Francis A. West of the British Wesleyan Conference Rev. John S. Porter of Newark Cont. Rev. Daniel Wise Show less
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(411) New Boarding House Expenses of Students The Old Laboratory has been changed at as little expense as practicable in to a boarding House and from Show more(411) New Boarding House Expenses of Students The Old Laboratory has been changed at as little expense as practicable in to a boarding House and from 40 to 60 students have been accommodated with board at $2.75(?) per week. There was less interest on the part of the students than was expected. I had hoped they would take charge of it and conduct the arrangements as their clubs were conducted. As this could not be done the use of the building has been given free of rent to Mrs. E.W. Jackson with the understanding the price of board shall not exceed the price named. Students can conduct a club at less expense than any one can board them. The low price of board in this Hall has had the effect to reduce somewhat the expense of board in the other clubs. The expenses of students have excited considerable attention and Show less
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(412) discussion. One of the effects I predicted as likely to be realized from this has in fact been experienced . As soon as students do not take Show more(412) discussion. One of the effects I predicted as likely to be realized from this has in fact been experienced . As soon as students do not take interest in those things connected with these Exercises that involve Expenses, they lose interest in the Exercises. There is now so little interest in our Sophomore and Junior Exhibitions that I deem it best to make a serious change with reference to them which will lead to abandoning the Sophomore Exhibition and a resort to some means that may give more interest to the other. There are circumstances that render it difficult to secure a general interest in these Exercises and only a part, and often a minority of a class can participate in the library concerns Heretofore the classes as a classes have felt an interest in fine music and other things connected with the exhibitions and willingly paid the expenses. � Show less
a seg aaa Bipsabysen 225) Za ees dfn fn LGo5 Ly i a Sr ot ar ae A¢ $ulaas a 777 utt£xr4 $8 ay Ao oe Looe 7 ae Gat Ee oe — Trligé Loe pie �� 1867 The Show morea seg aaa Bipsabysen 225) Za ees dfn fn LGo5 Ly i a Sr ot ar ae A¢ $ulaas a 777 utt£xr4 $8 ay Ao oe Looe 7 ae Gat Ee oe — Trligé Loe pie �� 1867 The Library Committee present the following Report The Library Fund now amounts to $27603.03. Income during the past year $2258.26. In addition to this amont $370.51 have been secured from Library fees. More than 600 Books were added during the past year. The amount expended is $1619.07. Of this amount about $300 have been expended in Binding books. The Committee at a recent meeting directed an expenditure of $600 in addition to the amount already expended for binding books. It is hoped that early during the College year the Library will be transferred to the New Library building. We have great reason to congratulate the friends of the University on the goods prospects of the Library. Joseph Cummings Chairman 1868 The Library Committee of the Wesleyan University respectfully Report Owing to the changes in the Library and its unsettled state in consequesnce of its removal they have not judged it best to ate make a detailed Report. The Library has been removed into Rich Hall. It is in good condition and its appearance has been imporved by binding several hundred volumes. The removal of the Library will render it necessary to change all the shelf numbers in the Catalogue and in other ways will involve much extra labor. It is hoped the Library will be fully arranged during early in the year. Respectfully submitted Joseph Cummings Chairman �� � Wa Ze _ AZo N Ho te ke �� Dec 23 1868 Cougbeare & Howson's Life and Times of St Paul is a remarkable work. It has extraordinary merit and is a most valuable and interesting contribution to biblical literature. Its reputation is clearly and positively established. The publishers have rendered the community great service in presenting this good and great work on terms so favorable. I hope it will have a wide circulation. It should be in the library of every lover of the truth and of good books. Joseph Cummings President of the Wesleyan University � Middletown, Conn., me Se Aap eo WY OCV Tt Hes of Appt Tv Pl a A : Lag Is ae Wrygee Py, is Foe We — j igor / � ete 2. sEG7G Whoever leads men with a proper spirit to the study of the scenes, incidents and characters of the Bible renders a great service to the cause of religion. We consider this to be the great merit of Hon. J.T. Headley's new work "Sacred Heroes and Martyrs" and we recommend it as worthy of general attention and favor. Jpseph Cummings � Show less
�(338) Astronomical Observatory I deem i my duty to again call the attention of the Board to the importance of securing possession of the only lot of Show more�(338) Astronomical Observatory I deem i my duty to again call the attention of the Board to the importance of securing possession of the only lot of land in the vicinity suitable for an Astronomical Observatory. I do this not so much with the expectation that the land will be purchased with the University funds as that some friend of the Institution may become interested and secure it to the University. A Committee was appointed on this subject last year but no Report was made. It would be well to appoint a similar Committee this year. Special Appropriation to the Professors It will be noticed that the income of the University exceeds the expenses by $1935.70. Show less